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Loyola University Maryland    
 
    
 
  Dec 10, 2017
 
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue

Academic Programs and Career Opportunities



Academic Advising

In order for Loyola students to succeed in their academic programs, it is necessary for them to make the transition from high school to college life and studies with ease and confidence. To aid in this endeavor, incoming first-year students are assigned a Messina advisor who is a member of the faculty. The Messina advisor guides the student in the adjustment to college life, ensures the student's understanding of Loyola's liberal arts core, and assists in major and course selection. The student will be advised by their Messina advisor for at least the first two semesters. The student has the option to formally declare a major as early as the end of the second semester but may remain undeclared until the end of the third semester. Upon the declaration of a major, the student will be assigned a faculty member from the department of the major to act as mentor and advisor until graduation.

Every full-time student at Loyola is assigned either a Messina or major advisor. Part-time students may be advised by a faculty member or an administrator in the Academic Advising and Support Center, as appropriate.

Degree Audit

The degree audit is a critical tool in the advising process, providing students and their advisors with a "program map" of the curriculum requirements specific to each major. Although academic advisors assist students in planning their course of study, students themselves are responsible for making informed academic decisions and for tracking their progress toward their degrees through the degree audit system. Degree audits can be viewed online using WebAdvisor.

Prior to registration each semester, advisors are asked to review the updated degree audits. All students are held responsible for knowing their individual graduation requirements, reviewing their audits regularly, and reporting any errors or discrepancies to the Academic Advising and Support Center. If students decide to make changes to their declared major, minor, or specialization, they must formally notify the University by submitting a Change of Major/Minor Form to the Records Office. Once the form is processed, the degree audit system will be updated to accurately reflect the requirements for the new major, minor, or specialization. Failure to file the Change of Major/Minor Form in a timely manner may result in students being unable to register for courses needed to complete the new degree requirements and could delay graduation.

In the summer before their senior year, a printed degree audit is mailed to each student's home address. All of the courses that the student must complete in order to graduate are highlighted. Students who disagree with their senior audits should make an appointment with the Academic Advising and Support Center to discuss any discrepancies.

Center for the Humanities

Loyola's Center for the Humanities is funded by an endowment built on two challenge grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities. The Center exists to provide strength and vision to the humanities at Loyola. In order to do this, the center sponsors more than 50 programs a year for faculty development, curricular enhancements, and experiments in teaching for the purpose of extending and enriching students' undergraduate experience.

Each year the center's Humanities Symposium organizes a semester-long series of lectures and cultural events centered on a specific theme and text. The "Modern Masters" series brings eight to ten nationally renowned poets and writers to campus each year while individual departments in the humanities host lectures and seminars by important scholars in their disciplines. Other programs support innovative team-taught courses as well as individual course innovations. Several programs are devoted to concerts, exhibitions, and other activities in the fine arts. Faculty development is supported by programs for junior faculty sabbaticals, student assistants, summer research grants, and publication costs. The Student Summer Fellowship Program allows several students each year to pursue intensive research and writing during the summer, while a summer study program allows students to learn in venues abroad. The center also offers stipends to students for otherwise unpaid internships.

In addition to supporting the University's Honors Program, the center administers an annual Jerome S. Cardin Memorial lecture dedicated to exploring Jewish-Christian relations, and a rotating Cardin Chair devoted to the study of the Judeo-Christian tradition across the humanities.

Through all of these programs, the center enriches the humanities disciplines individually, and it fosters dialogue and exchange among separate disciplines within the humanities as well as among the humanities and other disciplines.

Career Orientation

Through its liberal arts core curriculum, Loyola offers programs of study which provide students with a broad fund of knowledge that is an excellent background for many careers. It expects students to acquire initial career preparation through their majors. Loyola graduates have succeeded with the kind of preparation given in its programs in the accounting profession, the medical professions, and health sciences; in law, government, education, business, industry, and engineering; in the biological, chemical, mathematical, or physical sciences and attendant research positions; in social work, journalism, and government services; and in the armed forces. The information given below about each department indicates some of the various career opportunities that are available to students who are successful in earning a Loyola degree.

Loyola College of Arts and Sciences

Biology

The biology curriculum is a flexible program based on a philosophy of using multiple teaching strategies to help students develop an understanding of the concepts of modern biology as well as their own critical thinking skills. Biology courses required for a biology major carry at least three credits, and almost all have a laboratory or seminar component associated with them. The application and importance of biological phenomena to areas of human concern are components of every course. Students assist in the development of an individualized course of study and may design their curriculum to meet the diverse interests of potential biologists. The curriculum provides the flexibility, depth, scope, and skills necessary for admission to graduate and professional schools or for entry into the job market.

Within the general biology major, students may supplement their program with research experiences with Loyola faculty during the academic year and/or summer. Internships in the local community are another useful option in determining career paths. Students with interests in several disciplines also have the opportunity to design an interdisciplinary major involving biology and another discipline; interdisciplinary majors combining biology with either chemistry or psychology have been extremely popular. Students also may choose to minor in biology or natural sciences.

Chemistry

The Chemistry Department offers a variety of courses in the key areas of chemistry: inorganic, organic, analytical, physical, and biochemistry. Students who complete all required courses in the major receive a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) certified by the American Chemical Society (ACS). A background in chemistry has wide application in many careers including pharmacy, drug design and pharmaceuticals, chemical synthesis, biotechnology, and materials science. Graduates have found employment in industrial, government and medical laboratories or have chosen to pursue the M.S. or Ph.D. in Chemistry or related sciences.

The Major in Chemistry is well-suited for students interested in the medical, dental, or other health professions. The major provides ample electives for students to take the prerequisites for admission to health professional schools or to minor in another field of study. A chemistry minor is also available for students interested in combining chemistry with other studies.

The Interdisciplinary Major in Chemistry/Biology specializes in the area of biochemistry/molecular biology and provides a strong foundation for students planning careers in biochemistry, medicine or other health-related professions, pharmacy, or the biotechnology industry. The interdisciplinary major also provides a strong foundation for graduate studies in biochemistry and molecular or cell biology.

Classics

Our cultural origins are profoundly rooted in classical civilization. Familiarity with the principal, ancient authors-with their thought and their literary forms-is one key to understanding modern literature, thought, and art. Furthermore, Christianity itself was born in and powerfully influenced by the classical world.

At Loyola, one may major in classics or classical civilization. The Major in Classics entails work in both Latin and Greek. It is essential for those who are considering continuing such studies at the graduate level with a final goal of college teaching and research. The Major in Classical Civilization combines work in the classical languages with courses on Greek and Roman civilization (in translation). Majors take at least six language courses and a variety of courses cross-listed in other departments; for example, students may select courses in English, philosophy, political science, art history, or history for classical civilization credit. Many classical civilization majors double-major in allied departments. A Minor in Classical Civilization is also available.

Both programs offer important skills and content for students interested in further studies in related fields such as history, philosophy, political theory, theology, art history, and branches of medieval studies. Since the study of the Classics entails the close reading and analysis of texts and imparts a sensitivity to language, literature, and history, it is appropriate training for a great many careers. It is especially good training for law school.

Communication

The Department of Communication offers a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Communication with a choice of specialization in advertising/public relations, digital media (graphics, video, web), or journalism (newspaper, magazine, broadcast, online). With its roots in the liberal arts, attention to creative and critical thinking, and development of professional skills, the communication program prepares students for careers in such diverse areas as broadcast, print and online journalism, public relations, advertising, publishing, editing, television and radio production, video production, documentary, web development and graphics; for graduate study in communications, American studies, and law; and, generally, for professions that require strong communication skills. The department also offers an Interdisciplinary Major in Communication, a Minor in Communication, and an online Master of Arts (M.A.) in Emerging Media. Consult the graduate catalogue for more information on the graduate program in emerging media.

Computer Science

The twenty-first century will see the continued development of amazing new computer-based technologies. Paralleling this progress is the growing need for educated professionals who understand the capabilities of computing and can create original computer-based solutions to problems that effect the quality of human life. Computer scientists specialize in the design and development of computer systems and creative software for those systems.

A Major in Computer Science prepares students to understand the breadth of computer science as well as the computing needs of both the scientific and business communities. Technical skill coupled with a strong liberal arts education makes Loyola computer science graduates especially desirable to employers. Typically, graduates assume professional responsibilities in positions such as systems analyst, software engineer, or programmer. Graduates are also prepared to continue their studies in computer science or allied fields in graduate school.

Computing facilities at Loyola are excellent. Besides access to the campus-wide, local area network, numerous PC labs, full internet connectivity and access to a state-of-the-art video imaging lab, computer science students have accounts on a Linux subnetwork, which is maintained by the department for student projects and faculty research.

The Computer Science Department offers programs leading to a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) or a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Computer Science. The B.S. program is accredited by the Computing Accreditation Commission of ABET (www.abet.org), while the B.A. program allows more nondepartmental electives and is compatible with a variety of minors. Both programs offer specialty tracks.

Faculty advisors help students coordinate their elective courses with their career plans. A Minor in Computer Science, certificate in programming, and interdisciplinary majors involving computer science are also available.

Economics

Economics is about people and the choices they make. The "economic way of thinking" stresses the application of logic and reason to contemporary issues. Economics is both a practical and analytical discipline. Loyola's economics students have been successful in a wide variety of career paths and intellectual pursuits.

Students may earn either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Economics in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences or a Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) with a concentration in business economics in the Sellinger School of Business and Management. A Minor in Economics also is available in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences. Internships in economics are available so that students can integrate their classroom education with exposure to real-world problems and practices in a variety of fields. Students develop an analytic capability that is excellent preparation for business and government policy-making; develop computer and quantitative skills which have applications in economic research and consulting; and take part in intensive discussion and analysis of contemporary affairs.

Engineering

The present-day engineer has many unique advantages when broadly educated in the humanities as well as the social and applied sciences. The engineering program at Loyola University Maryland has been carefully developed to meet the need for engineers fully trained in liberal studies and basic sciences, in addition to providing formal concentrations in a choice of four areas of engineering: computer engineering, electrical engineering, materials engineering, and mechanical engineering.

The engineering program is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, www.abet.org. The four-year program awards the Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.). Fundamentals of engineering and the related areas of mathematics, chemistry, and physics are emphasized, together with advanced courses in the four concentrations. A required, two-semester senior design project related to the selected engineering concentration is the program's capstone course.

With a B.S.E. background, students are prepared to work in the industrial and governmental sectors or to pursue graduate studies in many fields of specialization. Graduates of this program have completed graduate studies in engineering at both the master's and doctorate level at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Princeton University, Johns Hopkins University, Cornell University, Purdue University, Pennsylvania State University, and other universities.

Loyola University Maryland recommends the engineering program to students of high scholastic ability who are interested in applying math and science to design and develop new systems and technologies for improving our world. A Minor in Engineering is also available.

English

The Major in English educates students for many different kinds of postgraduate careers. The department emphasizes accurate and sensitive interpretation of literary works, clear and effective written and oral communication, and precise and imaginative thinking. All courses in English seek to produce graduates who are capable of analyzing material and synthesizing information. The study of literature also challenges students to question conventional narratives, consider multiple perspectives in problem-solving, and broaden their moral imaginations and emotional intelligence. Among the careers for which majoring in English prepares students are newspaper and magazine writing and editing; high school teaching; library work; public relations; business, management, and sales. Moreover, recent English majors have pursued graduate studies in literature, law, medicine, library science, business administration, museum administration, and creative writing. A Minor in English is also available.

Fine Arts

The Fine Arts Department offers a major, a minor, or an interdisciplinary major in each of three areas: art history, fine arts, or visual arts. Students interested in visual arts may pursue concentrations in photography or studio arts. Those interested in performing arts may pursue concentrations in music or theatre (within the area of fine arts). Although the individual areas within the department are quite diverse, the faculty emphasize the development of interpretive skills and critical thinking. Students who pursue courses in visual arts, music, and theatre are actively engaged in the creative process of making art; however, all fine arts majors and minors study the history and theory of their respective disciplines.

Fine Arts majors and minors have pursued graduate study. They have also found positions in museums, galleries, and libraries; careers as teachers, curators, professional actors, and directors; and positions in public relations and commercial photography.

Global Studies

Global studies is an interdisciplinary major based in four disciplines: economics, history, political science, and sociology. The major provides students with a social science-based framework within which to analyze issues and processes that transcend national and disciplinary boundaries. It is structured so that students move from introductory, to intermediate, to advanced levels of learning. In the process, students will come to appreciate the similarities and differences in the approaches to global issues taken by economists, historians, political scientists, and sociologists. The major consists of 15 courses, five of which simultaneously meet the University's core requirements. It is therefore possible to combine global studies with another major, one or two minors, or a wide range of courses in various fields.

Global studies offers students excellent preparation for entry-level employment with multinational corporations, government agencies, international governmental organizations like the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, and the vast array of international nongovernmental organizations. Global studies also provides a solid foundation for graduate study in international and global studies, the social sciences, law, business, journalism, public health, environmental studies, peace studies, and a number of other interdisciplinary fields.

History

The history major emphasizes the skills of research, analysis, argument, and writing based on evidence. The faculty aim to teach not just the "facts" of history but interpretations as well. First-year history majors are introduced to these skills by choosing one of the regional options of the 100-level course, "Making of the Modern World." Majors may then choose advanced studies in specific topics, periods, and regions. The department offers courses on the history of all parts of the globe, including the history of the United States, Europe, Latin America, Africa, South Asia, East Asia, and the Middle East. Loyola's location in the Baltimore-Washington area provides a wide range of exciting internship opportunities.

History major and minor requirements are deliberately flexible to encourage students to take advantage of Loyola's core curriculum and to accommodate a wide variety of other subjects of study. Because only 13 classes are required for the major, there is plenty of room for electives and minors. For example, students can acquire a background in various specialized modes of analysis by combining work in economics, computer science, foreign language, or sociology with their history studies. These combinations have important career dimensions. After graduation, many history graduates pursue more specialized studies in history, law, secondary education, international relations, library science, business administration, and data management. Others move directly to jobs in private industry, government, the media, and nonprofit organizations.

Honors Program

The Honors Program is one of many opportunities for outstanding students at Loyola. The program seeks to create a special environment for academic inquiry and personal enrichment. Honors students are selected on the basis of academic achievement, motivation, leadership, and extracurricular involvement.

Students in the Honors Program fulfill the University core requirements through an alternative core curriculum characterized by intellectual rigor, interdisciplinary exploration, and flexibility. The Honors Program also sponsors a variety of activities designed to enrich the academic curriculum. These include on-campus events; opportunities to attend plays, lectures, concerts, and exhibits in the Baltimore area; and social events.

Interdisciplinary Studies

African and African American Studies

African and African American studies offers opportunities for critical examination and sophisticated understanding of the cultural, social, political, economic, and historical factors that have created and shaped Africa and its diaspora, including black experiences in the United States, the Caribbean, and throughout the globe. The minor is meant to be complementary with any major field of study. Awareness of the history, diversity, and cultures of people of African descent-along with the habits of mind nurtured by the broader liberal arts curriculum-is a valuable asset in many careers, including those in the education, business, law, social services, academic, and nonprofit sectors.

The minor also contributes to the enrichment of the whole person and prepares students to be responsible, aware citizens of local and world communities. The black experience is at the heart of many key social justice issues, from slavery and abolition to the anti-colonial, anti-segregation, anti-apartheid, and civil rights movements of the twentieth century. Rigorous academic study of these experiences tells us not only about ourselves and our past, but also how to participate in a diverse and rapidly globalizing world.

American Studies

American studies is a multi- and an interdisciplinary field of study that examines the American experience-past and present-through the nation's literature, art, history, politics, and society. The minor is based on core courses in American history and literature, requires students to take courses in at least one additional discipline, and culminates in a final project that requires students to combine the disciplinary interests and methods of at least two different fields. Coursework is supplemented by a regular series of speakers, field trips, and colloquia that take advantage of the University's location in Baltimore-home to many vibrant racial and ethnic communities, excellent libraries and repositories of historical documents, world-class art museums, and musical and theatrical venues-as well as its proximity to Washington, D.C., the nation's capital and epicenter of American government and politics. By examining their place within the diverse and complex American world and their responsibility to help shape it in socially just ways, students in the minor will be prepared for a wide range of careers, including education, law, government, journalism, and community activism.

Asian Studies

Asian civilizations are a major part of the human experience. Moreover, they are today the home of dynamic modern and modernizing societies whose power is growing. The study of Asia, fascinating in itself, can lead to careers in business, government, teaching, journalism, and other fields.

The Loyola-Notre Dame Program in Asian Studies allows students in any major to declare a minor devoted to Asia. It is administered jointly by the two institutions through the Asian studies coordinators. The committee works to strengthen Asian course offerings and to present lectures, films, and other activities on Asian themes.

In an Asian studies minor, students learn how different disciplines bring their methodologies to bear on the study of Asia. Students deal with the potential of Asian experience to contribute to universal knowledge and with the clash of Asian and Western values and ways of seeing the world. Such studies contribute to a better understanding of the West as well.

Catholic Studies

The Minor in Catholic Studies consists of courses which are devoted to the examination of topics, themes, or questions pertinent to Roman Catholic doctrine and faith in its various aspects. Illustrations of the principles and teachings of Roman Catholicism are found in literature, art, philosophy, the natural and social sciences, historical study, business disciplines, and theology. Because Roman Catholic doctrine, thought, culture, and life permeate the expanse of academic disciplines, the Catholic studies minor seeks to integrate into a coherent curriculum a number of courses otherwise taught in isolation from one another.

In addition to serving students' academic needs, the minor serves as a focal point for Roman Catholic intellectual life on campus and promotes dialogue among students, faculty, administration, and staff. What is distinctive about the Minor in Catholic Studies is the conjunction of the magnitude of its scope with the unity of its purpose. The curriculum of the Catholic studies minor is constructed from specific courses offered in a variety of disciplines throughout the University, and it aims to stimulate the development of other courses for the minor.

Environmental and Sustainability Studies

The Minor in Environmental and Sustainability Studies bridges multiple disciplines to provide students with a deeper understanding of the environmental issues facing society today. As population and rates of consumption both grow worldwide, attention to the environmental consequences has become increasingly important. Use of resources more quickly than they can be renewed, pollution of land, air, and water, and increasing encroachment into wildlife habitat already has had devastating effects worldwide. The inequity of resource use and consumption patterns in developed versus developing countries is cause for concern, and ignoring these patterns can lead to political and military conflicts. The student will design a program which fits their particular career interests while providing a comprehensive understanding of issues connected with the environment. Students have some flexibility in choosing courses to complement their major, choosing from among science, humanities, social sciences, and law and social responsibility courses that address current environmental concerns. A global perspective is encouraged through inclusion of relevant study abroad courses. The minor can be the first step in the path to careers in sustainability, conservation, environmental writing, environmental ethics, and environmental law, among other areas in this rapidly growing field.

Film Studies

Film is the quintessential art form of the twentieth century. As such it has had a profound impact not only on the other arts, but also on the way that modern human beings think, perceive, and feel. The Minor in Film Studies provides students with the skills needed to understand cinema as both an art form and a reflection of modern history and consciousness by promoting a stronger critical awareness of the power of images in our culture. The skills learned in the minor also help prepare students for careers in public relations, teaching, journalism, government, the arts, and business.

The film studies program allows students to declare a Minor in Film Studies, in which they may integrate courses taken in a number of disciplines-communication, English, fine arts, history, modern languages, philosophy, theology-into a cohesive program of study. The introductory course, Fundamentals of Film Studies, provides the historical foundation and technical knowledge needed for the elective courses. The capstone seminar permits juniors and seniors to draw upon their previous film courses, focus on a particular topic, and experience the challenges and rewards of a seminar format.

Forensic Studies

The Minor in Forensic Studies is an interdisciplinary curriculum that provides opportunities for students to explore the ideas, concepts, and technology underlying crime, issues of homeland security, and growing threats to individuals, institutions, and nations through acts of terrorism and attacks on personal and national security. Through coursework and experiential education (laboratories, internships, independent study, research experiences), students receive training in multidisciplinary approaches to criminal and civil investigations, explore the factors and events that influence individuals and groups to engage in criminal activity or commit acts of violence toward others, and examine issues that threaten national security and the tactics to counter such threats.

Forensic science and studies are growing fields that continue to gain relevance in all criminal investigations. While an undergraduate minor in forensic studies is not sufficient to practice in the field, it does serve to allow students to explore this expanding field out of intellectual curiosity; to develop and nurture their interests in forensic studies in an applied curriculum; and to obtain the necessary background to pursue professional or graduate training in this or related fields. The attributes of a forensic scientist are consistent with those of a Loyola graduate: excellent oral and written communication skills, intellectual curiosity, use of interdisciplinary approaches, critical thinking skills, commitment to lifelong learning, and strong moral and ethical character. In fact, a forensic scientist, no matter what task assigned, seeks only for truth. These attributes are the hallmarks of a Jesuit education and the Minor in Forensic Studies requires students to develop and use these learning skills and special abilities.

Gender Studies

The minor in Gender Studies is designed to help students bring academic rigor and depth to their interests in gender and sexualities, and to help students identify connections between their own experiences and the gendered experiences of others throughout history and across cultural contexts. Students can take courses in a wide range of departments on campus to build a minor that fits with their interests and strengths. Course topics include Latin American Writers; Psychology of Gender; Sociology of Race, Class, and Gender; Masculinities; Gender, Human Rights and Conflict; Women and Gender in the Arab World, among others. Many are diversity courses and some fulfill the core. Courses are also available to be completed abroad.

Italian Studies

The Minor in Italian Studies offers students the opportunity to pursue knowledge from different disciplines and schools of the University to arrive at linguistic ability steeped in cultural appreciation of another society. In addition to language and literature courses, electives in business, classics, English, fine arts, history, psychology, and theology allow individuals to craft a minor to their personal interest. Students can participate in a study abroad program, living with a family to further appreciate modern Italian social dynamics. A final capstone course unites students to reflect upon, share, and further research the interdisciplinary study of the Italian peninsula, the peoples living there, their language, and their past. It also includes the study of the Italian diaspora through the world, as well as the arrival of new immigrants into the peninsula and the resultant ongoing social changes.

Latin American and Latino Studies

Loyola's interdisciplinary Minor in Latin American and Latino Studies fosters an understanding of Hispanic and Brazilian national and migratory experiences by comparing historical, political, literary, and cultural sources. Students are encouraged to explore a wide variety of courses across the disciplinary divide to achieve their own individual understanding of "Latin America" and its diaspora. Requirements include an introductory course, five elective Latin American or Latino courses, and a study abroad and/ or service-learning experience. This minor is especially suited to students who spend a semester in Latin America or those who remain on campus during their junior year.

Medieval Studies

The Minor in Medieval Studies allows students to organize their coursework around one time period. The minor also offers the linguistic and cultural background to understand an important era of Western European civilization. Electives across the humanities disciplines (English, fine arts, history, languages, philosophy, theology) provide the tools and approaches necessary for either graduate study or personal enrichment. Students are introduced to research in their selected areas through a capstone interdepartmental project undertaken in conjunction with an advanced course approved for the minor.

Peace and Justice Studies

Peace and Justice Studies explores the causes and consequences of violent conflict as well as the conditions that promote conflict resolution, peace, and justice. It does so from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including political, sociological, theological, philosophical, and literary. The interdisciplinary minor in Peace and Justice Studies provides students with the opportunity to examine a number of conflict resolution and peacebuilding skills and apply them in interpersonal, institutional, societal, or global contexts. 

Those who successfully complete the minor will be able to make meaningful connections across courses and develop a coherent framework for thinking about the interrelationship of peace and justice. In the process, students will come to a deeper appreciation of Loyola's social justice mission, develop their capacity to act as agents of positive change, and learn how to respond to the great moral issues of our time, including poverty, racism, genocide, war, and peace.

Law

Schools of law prescribe no rigidly specific or specialized course requirements for the college student who seeks admission. They prefer broad training and well-developed habits of clear thought and expression. Accordingly, there is no set prelaw major or minor at Loyola. Most major fields at the University will enable the student who is otherwise qualified to be admitted to a school of law. Students who think they may be interested in a career in law should consult the University's prelaw advisor. Students applying to law school should coordinate and consult with the prelaw advisor no later than the beginning of the junior year. All students contemplating law school should join Loyola's Prelaw Society (which is on Facebook) and consult the prelaw website, www.loyola.edu/academic/prelaw.

Mathematics and Statistics

Quantitative and problem solving skills are in ever increasing demand in today's society. The range of applications of mathematics and statistics is continually being widened as more fields of endeavor find quantitative analysis central to their work. Cryptography, biostatistics, econometrics, high speed computing, operations management in business, actuarial risk analysis in insurance, and satellite communications are but some examples of areas that use and require high level mathematical and statistical techniques. As such, a wide variety of career opportunities exists for majors in mathematics and statistics.

The programs are designed to develop solid problem solving skills and a broad background in the various branches of pure and applied mathematics and statistics. A unique feature of the program is the students' ability to pick upper-level courses based on their area of specific interest. This is done by choosing, with the help of a faculty advisor, a concentration: general program, pure mathematics, secondary education, applied mathematics, statistical science and actuarial science are the options.

In recent years, graduates of the program have gone on to careers in statistics, operations research, actuarial science, cryptography, systems analysis, and teaching at the secondary and college level. Many graduates have also chosen to continue their studies in graduate school and have been the recipients of assistantships and fellowships at major universities. Minors are available in mathematics and statistics.

Military Career

The military science program provides students with training in the techniques of leadership and affords them the opportunity to apply these techniques as cadet officers. Each student's development and progress toward commissioning as an officer is closely monitored by the military science faculty.

Students may pursue a professional career as an Army officer following graduation by successfully completing the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) program. Graduates serve with the Active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard. All graduates of the military science program receive a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army.

Military service as an officer offers worldwide opportunities in various branches and functional areas. The Army branches are Adjutant General's Corps, Air Defense Artillery, Armor, Aviation, Chemical, Engineer, Field Artillery, Finance, Infantry, Military Intelligence, Military Police, Ordnance, Quartermaster, Signal, and Transportation. Special branches are available in Chaplain, Judge Advocate General, Medical, and Dental Corps. Functional areas include atomic energy, automated data systems management, comptroller, foreign area officer, operations/force development, operations research/systems analysis, personnel programs management, procurement, public affairs, research and development, space operations, strategic operations, and training development. For more information, visit the Army ROTC website (www.armyrotc.com) or contact the Military Science Department, 410‑617‑5179 or jmucci@loyola.edu.

Modern Languages and Literatures

A major in French, German, or Spanish offers a well-rounded liberal arts education with the added advantage of proficiency in a modern language. Courses foster a combination of communicative and analytical skills which together with an awareness of linguistic and cultural differences and values prepare students for careers in such professions as teaching, publishing, business, government, banking, and public relations. The major also enables students to pursue graduate studies in such diverse fields as linguistics, literature, law, medicine, area studies, or international business, or politics.

Students who want to study a language but do not wish to become a full-fledged major may take a Minor in Chinese, French, German, and Spanish. Students who wish to continue in Italian can pursue an interdisciplinary Minor in Italian Studies. There is also an interdisciplinary Minor in Latin American and Latino Studies. Students who wish to continue in Arabic or study other languages such as Japanese, Portuguese, or Russian, can take courses through the Baltimore Student Exchange Program (BSEP). For most language areas, there are study abroad opportunities through International Programs.

As part of its commitment to an international, global perspective, the department also features a Major and a Minor in Comparative Cultural and Literary Studies (CCLS). Unlike the traditional literature or language major which prepares students to understand the literature and society of peoples who share the same language and culture, this program adopts a global perspective and seeks to establish broader connections and contrasts across nations, cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. It will appeal to those students who have a strong interest in other cultures or literatures but are not inclined to pursue an in-depth study of another language.

Philosophy

Perhaps more than any other discipline, philosophy grounds students in the history of ideas, enabling them to see how contemporary issues and debates are illuminated by the great thinkers of the past. Students in philosophy learn to recognize basic concepts, analyze arguments, and think critically. Philosophical training also contributes to the general enrichment of the person, allowing students both the thrill of exploring new and different ideas and the satisfaction of coming to a better understanding of their own patterns of thought.

Majors in philosophy can be found not only in graduate schools of philosophy, but also in law, medical, and business schools. Many become teachers, journalists and writers, ministers, and priests. Many more pursue careers that may be only indirectly related to philosophy but are enriched by their apprenticeship in philosophy's workshop of thinking. Students may choose a double or interdisciplinary major, combining philosophy with a wide range of other disciplines, such as history, writing, theology, English, biology, physics, political science, or psychology. A Minor in Philosophy is also available, allowing students to supplement primary study in other fields with the unique breadth and depth of philosophical reflection.

Physics

The major in physics allows the student to investigate the behavior of the physical world, discover the general principles that underlie its microscopic and macroscopic structures, and become acquainted with the theories developed to explain its makeup and behavior. Students who complete an appropriate curricular track are well prepared to pursue graduate studies in physics or a related field, to seek admission to a professional school (e.g., medical school), or to embark immediately on a career in the industrial sector or in teaching. Research projects and internships are available and encouraged. Also available are an interdisciplinary major in biology/physics, a physics minor, and a 3-2 combined degree program leading to two bachelor's degrees: a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Physics from Loyola University Maryland and a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Engineering from Columbia University.

Biomedical Physics

According to the Nobel prize-winning scientist Harold Varmus, "for at least several hundred years, physicists—and especially their principles, methods and machines—have been illuminating our views of the human body and of every other living thing." Starting with the X-ray in the 1900s, new diagnostic and therapeutic instrumentation have been developed which have transformed the health professions. These instrumentations include MRI, CT, PET, gamma camera, ultrasound imaging, laparoscopes, among others. Multidisciplinary teams of people are required to work on the fundamental science, design and test the instruments, and market them. The aim of the minor in biomedical physics is to enhance a quantitative understanding of the science and technology involved in medical and biological applications. This minor may be of interest to those on the pre-health track, those wishing to enhance their quantitative skills, and those who want to be introduced to fields that combine physics with medical applications such as medical physics and biomedical engineering.

Political Science

In the context of a broad liberal arts program, political science majors focus on an area of human enterprise—government and politics—that permeates virtually every facet of their social and economic experience. This major provides a good background for numerous positions following graduation. Many of the Loyola students who are admitted to law school are political science majors. Other graduates in this major enter the paralegal and criminal justice professions. Still others work in federal, state, or local government or the foreign service.

A liberal arts background with a major in political science also opens doors in the worlds of business and industry, teaching, practical politics, and journalism, among others. Broad exposure to a number of areas within the discipline and well-developed habits of clear thought and expression enhance the major's prospects for a challenging career and an interesting life. Such exposure and such habits are given every encouragement in the Department of Political Science. A Minor in Political Science is available.

Pre-Health Curricula

Loyola undergraduate study creates a strong foundation to continue graduate study in medical and other health professions schools. The requirements vary for entry into masters and doctoral level programs in the health fields. Most of these programs require the satisfactory completion of two semesters each of general chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and physics, all with lab; at least one semester of math (usually calculus or statistics); two semesters of English; and two semesters of humanities courses. Many health professional schools are now requiring additional courses, such as biochemistry, microbiology, anatomy and physiology, and psychology. Students are encouraged to check the requirements for each school of interest.

Most Loyola students who are interested in medicine or other health professions enroll as biology majors or biology/chemistry interdisciplinary majors; however, it is possible to major in another discipline. For instance, students interested in nursing, physical therapy, and occupational therapy often enroll as biology/psychology interdisciplinary majors. Students should consider majoring in the subject area for which they have the strongest aptitude and interest, but they need to take the courses required by the specific professional schools in which they are interested. Most majors can meet these requirements by completing a minor in natural science. The director of pre-health programs is available to help design the best possible course sequence for all pre-health students. Entrance into health related professional schools is highly competitive and requires the maintenance of a high grade point average. Exposure to the field through volunteering, research, and other extracurricular activities is also critical. Loyola's pre-health programs, such as Baltimore Health Immersion summer program and Health Outreach Baltimore, clubs, speaker events, community contacts, and annual blood drive, support students in gaining meaningful health care experiences. 

Medicine

Recent Loyola graduates attend Georgetown University School of Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School. Boston University School of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, University of Maryland Medical School, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Albany Medical College, among others. In addition, several graduates each year enroll in schools of osteopathic medicine throughout the country, including Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, and Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine.

Dentistry

There has been a steady increase in the number of students interested in the field of dentistry. Loyola students are well prepared for application to dental school. Recent Loyola graduates have received acceptances to University of Buffalo School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook University School of Dental Medicine, Tufts School of Dental Medicine, Indiana University School of Dental Medicine, The University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, and Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine.

Veterinary Medicine

Several Loyola students apply to veterinary medical colleges each year, and these students have a high success rate in gaining acceptances. Graduates have been accepted into Cornell University Veterinary College, University of Ohio Veterinary School, and University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine.

Nursing

Nursing is the largest health profession in the U.S. A high number of Loyola students apply each year to continue their studies in accelerated bachelor's degree or direct entry master's degree nursing programs. Several recent Loyola students have been accepted or attend the country's highest ranking nursing programs, including Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Northeastern University School of Nursing, and University of Maryland School of Nursing.

Optometry/Podiatry

Approximately one applicant per year is accepted for study in optometry. Most of these students attend the Pennsylvania College of Optometry. A few graduates have enrolled in podiatry colleges, most recently, School of Podiatric Medicine at Temple University.

Physician Assistant, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and Public Health

There is an increasing number of Loyola students interested in attending these graduate programs. The majority, who complete the prerequisites for these programs and gain necessary experience in the field, are very successful in their application. Recent Loyola graduates are attending or have attended physician assistant programs at Jefferson Medical College and New York Institute of Technology, Long Island University Brooklyn Physician Assistant Studies, and Monmouth University Physician Assistant Program. Students interested in physical therapy or pharmacy have been successful with most competitive schools, including Duke University Doctor of Physical Therapy Program and University of Maryland School of Pharmacy. Students with combined interest in social sciences and health have been exceptionally successful with their applications to public health programs. Recent graduates have been accepted to Boston University School of Public Health, Columbia University School of Public Health, and Tufts University School of Public Health.

Psychology

Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. In essence, the field of psychology helps one to understand why individuals and groups think, feel, and act as they do, and what factors influence these processes. The courses offered in the psychology major expose students to many specialty areas of psychology, while providing a solid, broad-based appreciation of the discipline as a whole. In addition, the psychology curriculum is designed to foster critical thinking skills, as well as an understanding of scholarly research and methodology, and an appreciation of issues of diversity.

Required courses for a Major in Psychology provide excellent preparation for students who plan to pursue studies beyond the undergraduate level. The departmental advisory system, together with its innovative curriculum, has helped majors to be quite competitive in obtaining admission to a wide range of psychology and other graduate schools. It should be noted that the professional level of training necessary to become a licensed psychologist is the doctorate. Graduation from a master's program enables a student to practice psychology under the supervision of a licensed psychologist and may position a student to pursue licensure as a professional counselor.

For the student who is not preparing for admission to a graduate school in psychology, courses in the major program can be selected to provide marketable skills for entry-level positions in work settings such as business and industry (e.g., employee selection, marketing, personnel) or in the human service fields (e.g., community mental health, criminal justice, social services, health psychology).

Sociology

Sociology is the study of people in groups ranging in size and intimacy from dyads, to families, to entire societies. Because sociology has many areas of specialization, it can prepare majors for a variety of career options. Fields in which recent sociology graduates are working include law enforcement, healthcare, management, personnel, public relations, marketing, social research, and social work. Others have gone on to law school or graduate study in sociology, social work, or public policy. Career prospects are very good for people with master's and doctoral degrees in sociology and social work.

Sociology is a flexible major ideally suited for students seeking a double major or an interdisciplinary major combining sociology with another area. Students obtain firsthand experience in qualitative and quantitative research, and gain "real world" experience through internships.

The sociology minor is designed to give freedom of choice among departmental courses, allowing students to specialize in a topic area such as crime and deviance, or to seek a broad overview of the field. Both the major and the minor can be tailored to the career objectives of the individual, and students from other majors will find a number of courses relevant to their career interests.

Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences

Students with an undergraduate degree in speech-language-hearing sciences may choose from several career paths. Qualified graduates pursue a master's degree in speech-language pathology or a doctorate in audiology for the purpose of working as a licensed, certified clinician in the assessment and treatment of children and adults with a wide variety of speech, language, swallowing, and hearing problems resulting from disorders such as developmental delays in speech and language acquisition, language learning disabilities, articulation and phonological disorders, voice problems, fluency problems, and hearing loss; or with speech, voice, and swallowing problems that are acquired as a result of stroke (aphasia), brain injury, or neurological disorders. Other graduates use their bachelor's degree to seek graduate work in related areas, including psychology and school counseling; deaf education and literacy; pursue career choices in areas such as public health; or attain positions as research assistants, speech-language pathology assistants, teachers of English as a second language, or recreational therapists. Regardless of their chosen career paths, graduates in speech-language-hearing sciences have distinguished themselves as leaders in local, national, and international settings.

Theology

The practice of theology in a Catholic context requires study of the origins and uses of Jewish and Christian Scriptures, the history of Christianity (Eastern and Western, Catholic and Protestant), contemporary theologies, and theological ethics. It also requires studying the multiple relationships between theology and contemporary philosophies, religions, and cultures. The two core courses in theology introduce students to these issues. Core courses in theological ethics are either case- or theme-oriented explorations of theological ethics. Our electives aim to introduce students to the way scholarly research is conducted in the various divisions of theology in such a way as to prepare them for graduate school, work in theological education, or pastoral ministry.

Theology can be combined with other majors such as English, mathematics, philosophy, or psychology for a double major. Students who wish to do this should plan the desired sequence and courses with an advisor. Students with such a double major are often well prepared to teach religion and a second subject in denominational high schools. The Theology Department assists theology majors in every possible way with finding employment or applying to graduate school. Theology is increasingly recognized as a good preparation for general fields such as publishing, journalism, counseling, social work, business, and law. In addition, there are new opportunities opening up in Roman Catholic and Protestant parishes for people with backgrounds in theology and increased need for teachers of religion in private schools. A Minor in Theology is available.

Writing

The Writing curriculum frames the spectrum of writing-from literary to professional-with the aim to help students understand the demands of each genre as a rhetorical act (a form of communication). Through the systematic study of the writer's art and craft, students develop particular habits of mind, practices, and civic responsibilities that will serve them well no matter what field of study or what professional goals they pursue.

The department offers a Major in Writing that gives students the opportunity to pursue a broad spectrum of courses that will deepen their expertise in writing creative, civic, and professional genres. Writing majors typically go on to become lawyers, technical writers, teachers, reviewers, publishers, newsletter managers, strategists and consultants, as well as essayists, poets, and fiction writers.

The department also offers an Interdisciplinary Major in Writing and a Minor in Writing. The interdisciplinary major allows students to split their major between writing and another discipline (writing/English, writing/ biology, etc.), while the minor allows them to combine study in writing with a full major in another subject. The department also supports a Writing Honors Society (Pi Epsilon Pi); offers students a literary magazine to edit and publish, Corridors; and runs the Modern Masters Reading Series, which brings literary figures to campus. In addition, students can earn credit for internships in writing-related professional positions.

Students with an interest in both writing and communication may choose a Major in Writing with a Minor in Communication, the Interdisciplinary Major in Writing/Communication, or a Major in Communication with a Minor in Writing. For complete descriptions of the majors and specializations available, consult the writing and communication chapters within this catalogue.

School of Education

Teacher Education

Designed to prepare those who plan to teach on the elementary level, the education major blends theory and practice in a course of study that integrates Loyola's liberal arts core with a program emphasizing mastery of subject area content as well as pedagogy.

The School of Education also offers an opportunity to individuals who major in other disciplines to prepare for state certification in secondary teaching. Students who choose this option generally combine the required coursework in their major discipline with a minor in secondary education. Both the major and minor programs foster the development of reflection, critical judgment, and professional dispositions that prepare graduates to promote excellence in the education of children of all backgrounds and abilities.

The Major in Elementary Education and Minor in Secondary Education includes the completion of an internship in a professional development school. Professional development schools are collaborative efforts between local schools and Loyola's School of Education. Professional development placements provide a yearlong intensive internship experience that integrates theory and practice.

The elementary teacher education program also provides an option to include additional coursework that leads to a Minor in Special Education. The minor is open to all majors and consists of five specialized courses.

The programs in teacher education are fully accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), and the elementary and secondary teacher education programs are approved by the Maryland State Department of Education. Graduates of the elementary and secondary programs are eligible for Maryland certification after passing required Praxis examinations. Maryland has reciprocity agreements with most other states. Students planning to teach outside of Maryland after graduation should contact the State Department of Education in the state where they plan to seek employment for specific eligibility requirements.

Urban Education

The minor in urban education is designed for students in any major who are interested in the unique challenges and complexities of schooling and community in urban spaces. There are opportunities for fieldwork in Baltimore, and students also study other metropolises as they struggle to meet the education needs of their citizenry given issues of space, limited resources, and competing interests. Special attention is paid to issues of race, class, culture, and language in this sequence of courses. Students who are interested in graduate study in the social sciences may be particularly interested in this minor.

The Joseph A. Sellinger, S.J., School of Business and Management

Accounting

The objective of the undergraduate accounting program is to provide students with a broad education with basic conceptual accounting and business knowledge as a foundation for careers in the fields of public, industrial, nonprofit, and governmental accounting or to pursue graduate study. Students who plan to sit for the Certified Public Accounting (CPA) examination in a state with a 150-credit-hour educational requirement must complete additional coursework beyond the undergraduate accounting degree. Loyola offers the Master of Accounting (M.Acc.) to assist students in meeting this requirement. The M.Acc. program offers a 10-course, 30-credit-hour cohort program which can be delivered in both a full- (three semesters) or part-time format. Consult the graduate catalogue for more information on the M.Acc. program.

Business Economics

This concentration enables students to develop economic analysis skills applicable to a broad range of business concerns such as pricing and production strategy, empirical supply and demand models, and macroeconomic forecasting. It is especially useful in preparing for a graduate business program.

Much individual attention is devoted to students by a faculty experienced in business and government applications of economics. Internships in economics allow students to integrate their classroom education with exposure to real-world problems and practices in a variety of fields. In the classroom, the economics student develops an analytic capability useful in business and government policy-making, uses computer and quantitative methods which have applications in economic and financial consulting, and takes part in intensive discussion and analysis of contemporary affairs.

Students intending a professional economic analysis career, or a career in law or public policy, are encouraged to major in economics in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences.

Finance

The finance concentration provides students with the analytical and decision-making skills typically possessed by entry-level financial managers and financial analysts in industry, government, and the finance profession. Students develop a broad background in all the major areas of finance and have the opportunity through elective courses to focus in a specific area such as corporate finance, investment analysis and portfolio management, financial institutions, or international finance.

Information Systems

This concentration prepares students to lead and manage technology solutions for business problems. Information and technology are essential for the enablement, coordination, control, and communication of effective organizations in order to gain competitive advantage. Students are offered electives and internships, and they may work with a faculty member on an independent study.

International Business

This concentration prepares the student for leadership in the global arena. There are specialized courses on the financial, managerial, marketing, and economic and legal aspects of international business and global diversity initiatives. Opportunities are offered for advanced language study, independent study, overseas experience, and area study focusing on a particular region of the world.

Management

The management concentration develops the skills necessary for leading people and getting work done through others, including managerial skills development, organizational design, strategic analysis and planning, entrepreneurship, performance appraisal, leadership, managing diversity, and international management. Students select from a variety of courses, as well as internships and practicums.

Marketing

The marketing concentration helps students acquire the skills needed to develop and maintain a customer driven culture in an organization. Conducting marketing research and understanding consumer behavior provides the foundation for product development, promotion, pricing, and distribution decisions. Students who are interested in helping organizations provide "customer value" should consider this exciting and contemporary concentration.

Sellinger Scholars Program

The Sellinger Scholars Program is an honors program in business administration. The program provides highly motivated students with increased academic rigor beyond the traditional curriculum of the B.B.A. Business and management education is further developed through unique opportunities to interact with business professionals and community leaders. Driven by Loyola's mission "to inspire students to learn, lead, and serve in a diverse and changing world," these interactions strive to enhance understanding of leadership, diversity, social responsibility and justice issues, as well as reflection upon personal and professional choices.

The program has two primary components, both taken as a scholar cohort each semester: core academic coursework and a one-credit Sellinger Scholars Experience (BH 199 ). Required core courses offer increased rigor in the form of outside reading, discussion, and class presentations. The Sellinger Scholars Experience (BH 199 ) is designed to enhance and broaden the academic experience through the development of leadership skills, focused career strategies, and service to the community. Students are selected in the spring of their freshman year. Coursework begins in the fall of the sophomore year and must be taken in sequence.

Graduate and Professional Opportunities

Students applying for admission to graduate or professional schools are usually evaluated on the basis of the following criteria: their college academic record as reflected on their transcripts; their scores in special graduate or professional qualification tests; the evaluation submitted by faculty members at the request of the student; and sometimes a personal interview. Students are encouraged to consult frequently with their faculty advisor and the department chair about opportunities for graduate study and various fellowships and assistantships for their area of interest at universities known to be strong in those fields.

The Career Center

The Career Center at Loyola University Maryland serves all students and alumni in discovering fulfilling career paths, preparing to present their best selves to the world, and maximizing available resources to achieve their goals. The Center helps students and alumni at whatever point they are in their career journeys, from the first day of undergraduate classes to late career changes. The Center has developed a unique, four phase approach to serve all students and alumni, assessing where they are and helping them make progress toward their goals. This process includes an initial cycle of self-discovery and experience aligned with Loyola's commitment to Ignatian pedagogy, and final phases focused on practical preparation and pursuit of opportunities.

The Career Center supports the career development process through a number of services and resources including individual counseling and coaching, events and workshops, job and internship connections, on-campus recruiting, and alumni engagement and networking. The Center is a University partner in the Handshake network of schools, connecting to over 120,000 employers offering jobs and internships in diverse fields across the country. The Center also offers Loyola Connect, a student and alumni focused networking platform that makes it easy to meet fellow Greyhounds in diverse career areas and learn insider perspectives.

Learn more about all of The Career Center's offerings helping students and alumni discover and develop their best selves by visiting www.loyola.edu/careercenter.