2024-2025 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue 
    Jul 23, 2024  
2024-2025 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue

Academic Programs and Career Opportunities

Academic Advising

In order for Loyola students to succeed in their academic programs, it is necessary for them to make the transition from high school to college life and studies with ease and confidence. To aid in this endeavor, incoming first-year students are assigned a Messina advisor who is a member of the faculty. The Messina advisor guides the student in the adjustment to college life, ensures the student's understanding of Loyola's liberal arts core, and assists in major and course selection. The student will be advised by their Messina advisor for the first two semesters. ​All students, both those who are undeclared and those who enter with an intended major, must formally declare a major. The student has the option to formally declare a major as early as the end of the second semester but may remain undeclared until the end of the third semester. Students who remain undecided after their second semester will be paired with an exploratory advisor. Upon the declaration of a major, the student will be assigned a faculty member from the department of the major to act as mentor and advisor until graduation.

Every full-time student at Loyola is assigned an advisor. Part-time students may be advised by a faculty member or an administrator in the Academic Advising and Support Center, as appropriate.

Degree Audit/My Progress

The degree audit is a critical tool in the advising process, providing students and their advisors with a "program map" of the curriculum requirements specific to each major. Although academic advisors assist students in planning their course of study, students themselves are responsible for making informed academic decisions and for tracking their progress toward their degrees through the Student Planning system. Degree audits can be viewed online using the "Progress" tab in Student Planning.

Prior to registration each semester, advisors are asked to review the updated degree audits. All students are held responsible for knowing their individual graduation requirements, reviewing their audits regularly, and reporting any errors or discrepancies to the Academic Advising and Support Center. If students decide to make changes to their declared major, minor, or specialization, they must formally notify the University by submitting a Change of Major/Minor Form to the Office of the Registrar. Once the form is processed, the degree audit system will be updated to accurately reflect the requirements for the new major, minor, or specialization. Failure to submit the Change of Major/Minor Form in a timely manner may result in students being unable to register for courses needed to complete the new degree requirements and could delay graduation.

In the summer before their senior year, a printed degree audit is mailed to each student's home address. All of the courses that the student must complete in order to graduate are highlighted. Students who disagree with their senior audits should make an appointment with the Academic Advising and Support Center to discuss any discrepancies.

Center for the Humanities

Loyola's Center for the Humanities is funded by an endowment built on two challenge grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities. The Center exists to provide strength and vision to the humanities at Loyola. To do this, the Center sponsors more than 50 programs a year for faculty development, curricular enhancements, and experiments in teaching for the purpose of extending and enriching students' undergraduate experience.

Each year the Center's Humanities Symposium organizes a series of lectures and cultural events centered on a specific theme and text. The Modern Masters series brings nationally renowned poets and writers to campus each year while individual departments in the humanities host lectures and seminars by important scholars in their disciplines. Other programs support innovative team-taught courses. Several programs are devoted to concerts, exhibitions, and other activities in the fine arts. Faculty development is supported by programs for student assistants, summer research grants, and publication costs. The Student Summer Fellowship Program allows several students each year to pursue intensive research and writing during the summer, and a summer study program allows students to learn in venues abroad. The Center also offers stipends to students for otherwise unpaid internships. Two new initiatives for students are Loyola's unique Aperio Series, in which students conduct original research with faculty members, and Student-led Seminars, in which students propose and teach their own non-credit courses.

In addition to supporting the University's Honors Program, the Center administers an annual Jerome S. Cardin Memorial lecture dedicated to exploring Jewish-Christian relations, and a rotating Cardin Chair devoted to the study of the Judeo-Christian tradition across the humanities.

Through all of these programs, the Center enriches the humanities disciplines individually, and it fosters dialogue and exchange among separate disciplines within the humanities as well as among the humanities and other disciplines.

Career Orientation

Through its liberal arts core curriculum, Loyola offers programs of study which provide students with a broad fund of knowledge that is an excellent background for many careers as well as graduate and professional schools. Students acquire initial career preparation through their majors and through the core. Loyola graduates have succeeded with the kind of preparation given in its programs in the accounting profession, the medical professions, and health sciences; in law, government, education, business, industry, and engineering; in the biological, chemical, mathematical, or physical sciences and attendant research positions; in social work, journalism, and government services; and in the armed forces. The information given below about each department indicates some of the various career opportunities that are available to students who are successful in earning a Loyola degree.

Loyola College of Arts and Sciences


The biology curriculum is a flexible program based on a philosophy of using multiple teaching strategies to help students develop an understanding of the concepts of modern biology as well as their own critical thinking skills. Biology courses required for a biology major carry at least three credits, and almost all have a laboratory or seminar component associated with them. The application and importance of biological phenomena to areas of human concern are components of every course. Students assist in the development of an individualized course of study and may design their curriculum to meet the diverse interests of potential biologists. The curriculum provides the flexibility, depth, scope, and skills necessary for admission to graduate and professional schools or for entry into the job market.

Within the general biology major, students may supplement their program with research experiences with Loyola faculty during the academic year and/or summer. Internships in the local community are another useful option in determining career paths. Students with interests in several fields can also design an interdisciplinary major; interdisciplinary majors are possible with most other Loyola programs, and the biology/psychology major is an extremely popular choice. In addition, students can complete a second major with forensic science being a common second major in addition to the biology degree. Students may also choose to minor in biology or in the natural sciences, a minor designed to fulfill the prerequisites for the health professions.

Chemistry and Biochemistry

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry offers a variety of courses in the key areas of chemistry: inorganic, organic, analytical, physical, and biochemistry. Students who complete all required courses in the Chemistry major receive a Bachelor of Science (BS) certified by the American Chemical Society (ACS). A background in chemistry has wide application in many careers including pharmacy, drug design and pharmaceuticals, chemical synthesis, biotechnology, and materials science. Graduates have found employment in industrial, government, and medical laboratories or have chosen to pursue the MS or PhD in Chemistry or related sciences.

The Major in Chemistry is well-suited for students interested in the medical, dental, or other health professions. The major provides ample electives for students to take the prerequisites for admission to health professional schools or to minor in another field of study. A chemistry minor is also available for students interested in combining chemistry with other studies.

The Major in Biochemistry specializes in the area of biochemistry/molecular biology and provides a strong foundation for students planning careers in biochemistry, medicine or other health-related professions, pharmacy, or the biotechnology industry. The Biochemistry major also provides a strong foundation for graduate studies in biochemistry and molecular or cell biology.


Our cultural origins are profoundly rooted in classical civilization. Familiarity with the principal, ancient authors-with their thought and their literary forms-is one key to understanding modern literature, thought, and art. Furthermore, Christianity itself was born in and powerfully influenced by the classical world.

At Loyola, one may major in classics or classical civilization. The Major in Classics entails work in both Latin and Greek. It is essential for those who are considering continuing such studies at the graduate level with a final goal of college teaching and research. The Major in Classical Civilization combines work in the classical languages with courses on Greek and Roman civilization (in translation). Majors take at least six language courses and a variety of courses cross-listed in other departments; for example, students may select courses in English, philosophy, political science, art history, history, or even Hebrew for classical civilization credit. Many classical civilization majors double-major in allied departments. A Minor in Classical Civilization is also available.

Both programs offer important skills and content for students interested in further studies in related fields such as history, philosophy, political theory, theology, art history, and branches of medieval studies. Since the study of the Classics entails the close reading and analysis of texts and imparts a sensitivity to language, literature, and history, it is appropriate training for a great many careers. It is especially good training for law school.

Communication and Media

The Department of Communication and Media offers a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Communication and Media with a choice of specialization in advertising/public relations, digital media (graphics, video, audio, web), journalism (newspaper, magazine, broadcast, online), or media and society. With its roots in the liberal arts, attention to creative and critical thinking, and development of professional skills, the communication and media program prepares students for careers in such diverse areas as broadcast, print and online journalism, multimedia storytelling, public relations, advertising, publishing, editing, television and audio production, podcasting, video and documentary production, web development and design, graphics, graphic design, animation, and social media management and creation. The department also offers an Interdisciplinary Major in Communication and Media, a Minor in Communication and Media, an online Master of Arts (MA) in Emerging Media, a Master of Arts (MA) in Emerging Media with a specializations in content development and strategy, digital culture, and health communication, a Graduate Certificate in Health Communication, and an accelerated BA-MA degree in Emerging Media. Consult the graduate catalogue for more information on the graduate program in emerging media.

Computer Science

The twenty-first century has seen the continued development of amazing new computer-based technologies. Paralleling this progress is the growing need for educated professionals who understand the capabilities of computing and can create original computer-based solutions to problems that affect the quality of human life. Computer scientists specialize in the design and development of computer systems and creative software for those systems.

A major in Computer Science prepares students to understand the breadth of computer science as well as the computing needs of both the scientific and business communities. Strong technical skills, coupled with a liberal arts education, makes Loyola computer science graduates especially desirable to employers. Typically, graduates assume professional responsibilities in positions such as systems analyst, software engineer, or programmer. Graduates are also prepared to continue their studies in computer science or allied fields in graduate school.

Computing facilities at Loyola are excellent. In addition to campus-wide technology including PC labs and Wi-Fi access, computer science students have accounts on a Linux subnetwork, which are maintained by the department for student projects and faculty research. The department also maintains a high-performance computing cluster, which students and faculty can use for their work.

The Computer Science Department offers programs leading to either a Bachelor of Science (BS) or a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Computer Science. The department also supports interdisciplinary majors with other departments across campus and offers a minor in Computer Science. The BS program is accredited by the Computing Accreditation Commission of ABET (www.abet.org), while the BA program allows more electives and is compatible with a variety of minors.

Faculty advisors help students coordinate their elective courses with their career plans. A three-course departmental certificate in programming is also available.

Data Science

Data Science is the field of the twenty-first century.  It sits at the nexus of business, computer science, and statistics and as such, is a blending of the three fields. The goal of the data scientist is to perform analyses and make predictions using disparate sources of data. These analyses and predictions can help organizations and governments run more efficiently. The overarching goal of the field is the better use of information to make a difference in the world.

A major in Data Science prepares students to understand and enter this exciting field that unearths new knowledge on a daily basis. Technical skill coupled with a strong liberal arts education makes Loyola data science graduates especially desirable to employers. Typically, graduates assume professional responsibilities in positions such as data analyst or data scientist. Graduates are also prepared to continue their studies in data science or allied fields in graduate school.

Students majoring in data science will divide their major-level courses among computer science, information systems, and statistics. The capstone course brings the major together in a culminating experience. In this course, students work with a client to apply their skills to a real problem.

The Data Science program leads to a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree. Faculty advisors help students coordinate their elective courses with their career plans. A minor and an accelerated BA/BS-MS in Data Science is also available.


Economics is about people and the choices they make. The "economic way of thinking" stresses the application of logic and reason to contemporary issues. Economics is both a practical and analytical discipline. Loyola's economics students have been successful in a wide variety of career paths and intellectual pursuits.

Students may earn either a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Economics in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences or a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) with a major in business economics in the Sellinger School of Business and Management. A Minor in Economics also is available in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences. Within Loyola's economics degrees, students may complete a specialization in Quantitative Economics. Internships in economics are available so that students can integrate their classroom education with exposure to real-world problems and practices in a variety of fields. Students develop an analytic capability that is excellent preparation for business and government policy-making; develop computer and quantitative skills which have applications in economic research and consulting; and take part in intensive discussion and analysis of contemporary affairs.


The present-day engineer has many unique advantages when broadly educated in the humanities as well as the social and applied sciences. The engineering program at Loyola University Maryland has been carefully developed to meet the need for engineers fully trained in liberal studies and basic sciences, in addition to providing formal concentrations in a choice of four areas of engineering: computer engineering, electrical engineering, materials engineering, and mechanical engineering.

The engineering program is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, www.abet.org. The four-year program awards the Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BSE). Fundamentals of engineering and the related areas of mathematics, chemistry, and physics are emphasized, together with advanced courses in the four concentrations. A required, two-semester senior design project related to the selected engineering concentration is the program's capstone course.

With a BSE background, students are prepared to work in the industrial and governmental sectors or to pursue graduate studies in many fields of specialization. Graduates of this program have completed graduate studies in engineering at both the master's and doctorate level at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Princeton University, Johns Hopkins University, Cornell University, Purdue University, Pennsylvania State University, and other universities.

Loyola University Maryland recommends the engineering program to students of high scholastic ability who are interested in applying math and science to design and develop new systems and technologies for improving our world. A Minor in Engineering is also available.


The Major in English educates students for many different kinds of postgraduate careers. The department emphasizes accurate and sensitive interpretation of literary works, clear and effective written and oral communication, and precise and imaginative thinking. All courses in English seek to produce graduates who are capable of analyzing difficult content and synthesizing information. The study of literature also challenges students to question conventional narratives, consider multiple perspectives in problem-solving, and broaden their moral imaginations and emotional intelligence. English majors are highly encouraged to consider a minor in Business, Communication, or Writing. Careers for which majoring in English prepares students include:  newspaper and magazine writer and editor; grant writer; research analyst, communication specialist; social media management; high school teacher; and public relations. Business managers are especially interested in employees with highly competent communication and critical thinking skills. English majors have pursued graduate studies in literature, law, medicine, library science, business administration, museum administration, and creative writing. A Minor in English is also available.

Forensic Science

The Forensic Science program is interdisciplinary in design so that students with broad interests can explore coursework and training relevant to a wide range of career paths. Students pursue coursework focused on recognition and analysis of forensic evidence, understanding why people are victims of crime or commit crimes, explore issues of criminal justice and reform in policing and the justice system, and examine the relationships between forensic science, law, and law enforcement. Through coursework and high impact reality experiences (e.g., internships, research experiences, simulations, and independent studies), students develop a foundation for careers in crime scene and death investigation, forensic medicine, latent prints, firearms and toolmark analysis, criminal justice, criminology, forensic psychology, and related forensic disciplines. The Forensic Science major and minor are excellent pathways leading to graduate and professional schools, with several of our graduates gaining acceptance into medical school, Physician's Assistant programs, Clinical Psychology, Criminal Justice, and Forensic Science Master's programs, including Loyola's Forensic Pattern Analysis and Biological Forensics MS programs.

Students in Forensic Science develop professional and technical skill applicable to any career path: excellent oral and written communication skills, intellectual curiosity, use of interdisciplinary approaches, critical thinking skills, commitment to lifelong learning, and strong moral and ethical character. Any individual involved in forensic analyses or investigation, no matter what task assigned, seeks only for truth. These attributes are the hallmarks of a Jesuit education and the major and minor in Forensic Science fosters the development and use of these learning skills and special abilities. Not surprisingly, our graduates are highly sought after by local and state agencies.

Global Studies

Global Studies is an interdisciplinary major based in four disciplines: economics, history, political science, and sociology. The major provides students with a social science-based framework within which to analyze issues and processes that transcend national and disciplinary boundaries. It is structured so that students move from introductory, to intermediate, to advanced levels of learning. In the process, students will come to appreciate the similarities and differences in the approaches to global issues taken by economists, historians, political scientists, and sociologists. The major consists of 15 courses, five of which simultaneously meet the University's core requirements. It is therefore possible to combine Global Studies with another major, one or two minors, or a wide range of courses in various fields.

Global Studies offers students excellent preparation for entry-level employment with multinational corporations, government agencies, international governmental organizations like the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, and the vast array of international nongovernmental organizations. Global Studies also provides a solid foundation for graduate study in international and global studies, the social sciences, law, business, journalism, public health, environmental studies, peace studies, and a number of other interdisciplinary fields.


The History major emphasizes the skills of research, analysis, argument, and writing based on evidence drawn from the past. As an interpretative discipline, History stresses the importance of analyzing sources, developing interpretations, and understanding patterns in history as well as change over time. First-year History majors are introduced to these skills by taking HS 100 - Encountering the Past . Majors may then choose advanced studies in specific topics, periods, and regions. The department offers courses on the history of all parts of the globe and on a wide range of topics and themes. These include gender and sexuality, war and society, race and empire, environmental history, and many more. Loyola's location in the Baltimore-Washington area provides a wide range of exciting internship opportunities.

History major and minor requirements are deliberately flexible to encourage students to take advantage of Loyola's core curriculum and to accommodate a wide variety of other subjects of study. Because only 12 classes are required for the major, there is plenty of room for electives, double majors, interdisciplinary majors, and minors. For example, students can acquire a background in various specialized modes of analysis by combining work in economics, computer science, world languages, or sociology with their history studies.

Studying history develops important skills that are transferable to many professions. In addition to learning how to interpret the past, History majors learn how to assess complicated texts, develop their own interpretations of evidence, and clearly communicate their conclusions to others. History majors are trained to make connections between disparate moments of time, making them well prepared for success in many professions. After graduation, many History graduates pursue more specialized studies in history, law, secondary education, international relations, library science, business administration, and data management. Others move directly to jobs in private industry, government, media, and nonprofit organizations.

Honors Program

The Honors Program is one of many opportunities for outstanding students at Loyola. The program seeks to create a special environment for academic inquiry and personal enrichment. Honors students are selected on the basis of academic achievement, motivation, leadership, and extracurricular involvement.

Students in the Honors Program fulfill the University core requirements through an alternative core curriculum characterized by intellectual rigor, interdisciplinary exploration, and flexibility. The Honors Program also sponsors a variety of activities designed to enrich the academic curriculum. These include on-campus events; opportunities to attend plays, lectures, concerts, and exhibits in the Baltimore area; and social events.

Interdisciplinary Studies

African and African American Studies

African and African American studies (AAAS) offers opportunities for critical examination and sophisticated understanding of the cultural, social, political, economic, and historical factors that have created and shaped Africa and its diaspora, along with present- and future-day analysis of how these factors impact Africa and its diaspora. The minor is meant to be complementary with any major field of study. Awareness of the history, diversity, and cultures of people of African descent-along with the habits of mind nurtured by the broader liberal arts curriculum-is a valuable asset in many careers, including, but not limited to, those in the education, business, law, social services, global studies, science and technology, medicine, and nonprofit sectors.

The minor also contributes to the enrichment of the whole person and prepares students to be responsible, aware citizens of local and world communities. The black experience is at the heart of many key social justice issues, from slavery and abolition to the anti-colonial, anti-segregation, anti-apartheid, and civil rights movements of the twentieth century. Rigorous academic study of these experiences tells us not only about ourselves and our past, but also how to participate in a diverse and rapidly globalizing world.

American Studies

American studies is a multi- and an interdisciplinary field of study that examines the American experience-past and present-through the nation's literature, art, history, politics, and society. The minor is based on courses in American history, politics, and literature that requires students to take courses in several disciplines, and culminates in a capstone project that requires students to combine the disciplinary interests and methods of at least two different fields. Coursework may be supplemented by speakers, field trips, and colloquia that take advantage of the University's location in Baltimore-home to many vibrant racial and ethnic communities, excellent libraries and repositories of historical documents, world-class art museums, and musical and theatrical venues-as well as its proximity to Washington, D.C., the nation's capital and epicenter of American government and politics. By examining their place within the diverse and complex American world and better understanding its history and culture, students in the minor will be prepared to contribute to a wide range of careers, including education, law, government, journalism, and community activism.

Asian Studies

Asian civilizations are a major part of the human experience. Moreover, they are today the home of dynamic modern and modernizing societies. The study of Asia, fascinating in itself, can lead to careers in business, government, teaching, journalism, and other fields.

The program in Asian Studies allows students in any major to declare a minor devoted to Asia. The committee works to strengthen Asian course offerings and to present lectures, films, and other activities on Asian themes.

In an Asian studies minor, students learn how different disciplines bring their methodologies to bear on the study of Asia. Students explore the potential of Asian experience to contribute to universal knowledge and intercultural communication. Such explorations cultivate in students a global awareness and more informed perspective of both Asia and other parts of the world.

Business Journalism 

Business journalists report on financial markets, the economy, the corporate world and how these issues impact society at large. They also focus on reporting complex financial and economic news to a variety of audiences and through a variety of mediums by synthesizing and analyzing business and economic data. As a result, it is important that such journalists have both a foundation in communication, as well as a deep understanding of economics and business.

The minor provides Loyola students with a foundation in journalism, economics, and other relevant business areas that attracts a diverse group of students. The minor serves students majoring in all disciplines who are interested in careers in business journalism. Students majoring in communication, especially in the areas of PR/Ad and digital media, may pursue the minor if they are interested in storytelling skills related to business and economic issues, while economics majors interested in improving their communication skills or pursuing a career in the media, may also find the program appealing. 

Catholic Studies

The Minor in Catholic Studies consists of courses which are devoted to the examination of topics, themes, or questions pertinent to Roman Catholic doctrine and faith in its various aspects. Illustrations of the principles and teachings of Roman Catholicism are found in literature, art, philosophy, the natural and social sciences, historical study, business disciplines, and theology. Because Roman Catholic doctrine, thought, culture, and life permeate the expanse of academic disciplines, the Catholic studies minor seeks to integrate into a coherent curriculum a number of courses otherwise taught in isolation from one another.

In addition to serving students' academic needs, the minor serves as a focal point for Roman Catholic intellectual life on campus and promotes dialogue among students, faculty, administration, and staff. What is distinctive about the Minor in Catholic Studies is the conjunction of the magnitude of its scope with the unity of its purpose. The curriculum of the Catholic studies minor is constructed from specific courses offered in a variety of disciplines throughout the University, and it aims to stimulate the development of other courses for the minor.

Environmental Studies

The Minor in Environmental Studies bridges multiple disciplines to provide students with a deeper understanding of the environmental issues facing society today. As population and rates of consumption both grow worldwide, attention to the environmental consequences has become increasingly important. Use of resources more quickly than they can be renewed, pollution of land, air, and water, and increasing encroachment into wildlife habitat already has had devastating effects worldwide. The inequity of resource use and consumption patterns in developed versus developing countries is cause for concern, and ignoring these patterns can lead to political and military conflicts. The student will design a program which fits their particular career interests while providing a comprehensive understanding of issues connected with the environment. Students have some flexibility in choosing courses to complement their major, choosing from among science, humanities, social sciences, and law and social responsibility courses that address current environmental concerns. A global perspective is encouraged through inclusion of relevant study abroad courses. The minor can be the first step in the path to careers in sustainability, conservation, environmental writing, environmental ethics, and environmental law, among other areas in this rapidly growing field.

Film Studies

Film is the quintessential art form of the twentieth century. As such it has had a profound impact not only on the other arts, but also on the way that modern human beings think, perceive, and feel. The Minor in Film Studies provides students with the skills needed to understand cinema as both an art form and a reflection of modern history and consciousness by promoting a stronger critical awareness of the power of images in our culture. The skills learned in the minor also help prepare students for careers in public relations, teaching, journalism, government, the arts, and business.

The film studies program allows students to declare a Minor in Film Studies, in which they may integrate courses taken in a number of disciplines-communication, English, fine arts, history, modern languages, philosophy, theology-into a cohesive program of study. The introductory course, Fundamentals of Film Studies, provides the historical foundation and technical knowledge needed for the elective courses. The capstone seminar permits juniors and seniors to draw upon their previous film courses, focus on a particular topic, and experience the challenges and rewards of a seminar format.

Gender and Sexuality Studies

The Gender and Sexuality Studies minor provides students with skills necessary to understand the relationship between gender and sexuality and their social world. The minor helps students of all genders and sexualities identify connections between their experiences and the experiences of others throughout history and across racial/ethnic, economic, and cultural contexts. Students who complete the minor graduate with a greater sense of how sexism, homophobia, transphobia, and other forms of oppression intersect with their major interests. As such, the minor complements major study in all academic areas (business, education, engineering, humanities, mathematics, natural sciences, and social sciences) and serves students who go on to work with people, ideas, media, policy, and technology. Students can take courses in a wide range of departments to build a minor that fits with their interests and strengths. Course topics include Gender, Culture, and Madness; Women in the Christian Tradition; Psychology of Gender; Sociology of Race, Class, and Gender; Queer Theatre and Film; Ethics of Race and Gender; Global Histories of Sexuality; Philosophy and Feminism, among others. Many are Diversity-Justice designated courses and some fulfill the core. Courses are also available through study abroad.

German Studies

The interdisciplinary study of German history, philosophy, culture, and literature enables students to understand the role of Germany and other German-speaking countries in Europe and the world today, to trace its roots in the past, to comprehend the crosscurrents in its thinking and to experience the contributions of German poets, novelists, and authors. Similarly, the study of German history and culture provides students with opportunities to examine the complicated history and present situation of issues related to diversity and multiculturalism in Europe. A German Studies Minor also recognizes the important legacy of German immigrants in our city and our state of Maryland, as Baltimore was one of the most important ports of entry for German immigration in the nineteenth century. A German Studies Minor will help students gain a solid foundation of the German language as well as the cultural competency necessary for global engagement.

Health and Human Experience

The minor in Health and Human Experience is an interdisciplinary humanities and social sciences minor that prepares students to understand cultural factors in health and delivery of care. The minor allows students to explore how personal values, feelings of belonging, beliefs, and social forces impact health. Students will build analytical reasoning skills and empathy necessary to engage with individuals of varied backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. They will reflect deeply on issues of medical ethics, healthcare, and social justice. They will explore written and spoken ways to convey complex truths clearly and compassionately. Students also will be invited to consider the environment and responses to nature as an integral part of the experience of health in history and in current times. They will be introduced to concepts such as narrative medicine, culturally competent care, inclusion and equity in healthcare, and social determinants of health. The minor will offer opportunities for students to learn how to confront medical issues holistically and with humanity, recognizing that health is one of the foundational ways to understand what it means to be human.

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

The Innovation and Entrepreneurship minor fosters the development of an innovative and entrepreneurial mindset. The courses emphasize developing a human centered approach that will prepare students to thrive in a fast-paced and complex environment that puts a premium on empathy and the exchange of diverse ideas to create innovative solutions. Empathetic entrepreneurs better understand the needs of those they serve (customers and stakeholders) and the communities in which they work, increasing opportunities for their enterprise to have a positive social and economic impact. Students develop practical innovation and entrepreneurship skills and practices that apply to any career path, whether launching a new venture, working within a startup, or leading innovations within an existing organization for them to remain competitive in an ever-changing corporate climate. The minor is designed to allow students to develop a course of study that complements their existing major or professional interests and is open to students enrolled in all majors.

Italian Studies

The Minor in Italian Studies offers students the opportunity to pursue knowledge from different disciplines and schools of the University to arrive at linguistic ability steeped in cultural appreciation of another society. In addition to language and literature courses, electives in business, classics, English, fine arts, history, psychology, and theology allow individuals to craft a minor to their personal interest. Students can participate in a study abroad program. Students may study the Italian peninsula, the peoples living there, their language, their past, as well as the Italian diaspora through the world and the arrival of new immigrants into the peninsula with the resultant ongoing social changes.

Latin American and Latino Studies

Loyola's interdisciplinary Minor in Latin American and Latino Studies fosters an understanding of Hispanic and Brazilian national and migratory experiences by comparing historical, political, sociological, literary, and cultural sources. Students are encouraged to explore a wide variety of courses across the disciplinary divide to achieve their own individual understanding of "Latin America" and its diaspora. Requirements include an introductory course and five elective Latin American or Latino courses. Students are encouraged to spend a semester in Latin America or to commit to a semester of community service, if unable to study abroad.

Medieval Studies

The Minor in Medieval Studies allows students to organize their coursework around one time period. The minor also offers the linguistic and cultural background to understand an important era of Western European civilization. Electives across the humanities disciplines (English, fine arts, history, languages, philosophy, theology) provide the tools and approaches necessary for either graduate study or personal enrichment. Students are introduced to research in their selected areas through a capstone interdepartmental project undertaken in conjunction with an advanced course approved for the minor.

Peace and Justice Studies

Peace and Justice Studies explores the causes and consequences of violence, the systematic sources of injustice and the inter-relationship of justice and peace. Students have the opportunity to analyze concrete cases of conflict, identify and evaluate mechanisms for resolving violent conflict, and consider the norms, practices, and institutions for building and sustaining peace using a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including politics, sociology, theology, philosophy, and literary. The interdisciplinary minor in Peace and Justice Studies provides students with the opportunity to develop a number of conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and justice advocacy skills and apply them in interpersonal, institutional, societal, or global contexts. 

Those who successfully complete the minor will be able to make meaningful connections across courses and develop a coherent framework for thinking about the interrelationship of peace and justice. In the process, students will come to a deeper appreciation of Loyola's social justice mission, develop their capacity to act as agents of positive change, and learn how to respond to the great moral issues of our time, including poverty, racism, genocide, war, and peace.


Regardless of undergraduate major and course selections, any student with a college degree and requisite GPA and LSAT scores can be admitted to law school. Because law schools do not have course requirements, Loyola does not offer a pre-law major or minor. Instead, Loyola has a pre-law advising program led by Dr. Matt Beverlin (rmbeverlin@loyola.edu). In his capacity as pre-law advisor, Dr. Beverlin provides individualized guidance on whether, where, and when students should apply to law school. Interested students are encouraged to consult the University's pre-law website and to meet with Dr. Beverlin. Most students meet with Dr. Beverlin in their junior year as they begin to think about the application process, but students are welcome to meet with him earlier. Students interested in law school may participate in Loyola's student-run Pre-Law Society, which regularly holds meetings on law school and the practice of law.

Mathematics and Statistics

Quantitative and problem-solving skills are in ever increasing demand in today's society. The range of applications of mathematics and statistics is continually being widened as more fields of endeavor find quantitative analysis central to their work. Cryptography, biostatistics, econometrics, high speed computing, operations management in business, actuarial risk analysis in insurance, and satellite communications are but some examples of areas that use and require high level mathematical and statistical techniques. As such, a wide variety of career opportunities exists for majors in mathematics and statistics.

The programs are designed to develop solid problem-solving skills and a broad background in the various branches of pure and applied mathematics and statistics. A unique feature of the program is the students' ability to pick upper-level courses based on their area of specific interest. This is done by choosing a, with the help of a faculty advisor, a concentration: general program, pure mathematics, secondary education, applied mathematics, statistical science, or actuarial science.

In recent years, graduates of the program have gone on to careers in statistics, operations research, actuarial science, cryptography, systems analysis, and teaching at the secondary and college level. Many graduates have also chosen to continue their studies in graduate school and have been the recipients of assistantships and fellowships at major universities. Minors are available in mathematics and statistics.

Military Career

The military science program provides students with training in the techniques of leadership and affords them the opportunity to apply these techniques as cadet officers. Each student's development and progress toward commissioning as an officer is closely monitored by the military science faculty.

Students may pursue a professional career as an Army officer following graduation by successfully completing the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) program. Graduates earn a commission as a Second Lieutenant and serve in the full-time Active Army, or part-time in the Army Reserve or Army National Guard. All graduates of the military science program receive a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army.

Military service as an officer offers worldwide opportunities in various branches and functional areas. Career opportunities offer a wide range of options that include: combat related positions, medical professionals, intelligence and cyber, logistics, human resources, finance, marketing, aviation, and many more. For more information, visit the Army ROTC website (www.loyola.edu/rotc) or contact the Military Science Department, 410‑617‑5179 or jmucci@loyola.edu.

Modern Languages and Literatures

A major in French or Spanish offers a well-rounded liberal arts education with the added advantage of proficiency in a modern language. Courses foster a combination of communicative and analytical skills that, together with an awareness of linguistic and cultural differences and values, prepare students for careers in such professions as teaching, publishing, business, government, health, banking, and public relations. The major also enables students to pursue graduate studies in such diverse fields as linguistics, literature, law, medicine, area studies, international business, or politics.

Students who want to study a language but do not wish to become a full-fledged major may take a Minor in Chinese, French, and Spanish. Students who wish to continue in Italian or German can pursue an interdisciplinary Minor in Italian Studies or German Studies. There are also interdisciplinary minors in Latin American and Latino Studies and Asian Studies. A course in Portuguese is offered once a year. Students who wish to study languages not offered by the Department can request to take courses through the Baltimore Student Exchange Program (BSEP). For most language areas, there are study abroad opportunities through the Office of International Programs.

As part of its commitment to an international, global perspective, the department also features a Major and a Minor in Comparative Cultural and Literary Studies (CCLS). While the literature and language major prepares students to understand the literature and society of peoples who share the same geographical area, language, and culture, this program adopts a global perspective and seeks to establish broader connections and contrasts across nations, cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. It will appeal to those students who have a strong interest in other cultures or literatures but are not inclined to pursue an in-depth study of another language.


Perhaps more than any other discipline, philosophy grounds students in the history of ideas, enabling them to see how contemporary issues and debates are illuminated by the great thinkers of the past. Students in philosophy learn to recognize basic concepts, analyze arguments, and think critically. Philosophical training also contributes to the general enrichment of the person, allowing students both the thrill of exploring new and different ideas and the satisfaction of coming to a better understanding of their own patterns of thought.

Majors in philosophy can be found not only in graduate schools of philosophy, but also in law, medical, and business schools. Many become teachers, journalists and writers, ministers, and priests. Many more pursue careers that may be only indirectly related to philosophy but are enriched by their apprenticeship in philosophy's workshop of thinking. Students may choose a double or interdisciplinary major, combining philosophy with a wide range of other disciplines, such as history, writing, theology, English, biology, physics, political science, or psychology. A Minor in Philosophy is also available, allowing students to supplement primary study in other fields with the unique breadth and depth of philosophical reflection.


The major in physics allows the student to investigate the behavior of the physical world, discover the general principles that underlie its microscopic and macroscopic structures, and become acquainted with the theories developed to explain its makeup and behavior. The Physics Department offers programs leading to a Bachelor of Science (BS) or a Bachelor of Arts (BA). Students who complete an appropriate curricular track in the BS program are well prepared to pursue graduate studies in physics or a related field, to seek admission to a professional school (e.g., medical school), or to embark immediately on a career in the industrial sector or in teaching. Research projects and internships are available and encouraged. The BA is intended for students interested in a physics degree with the flexibility to explore a double major, a minor, or an individually designed program. Also available are an interdisciplinary major in biology/physics, a physics minor, a five-year dual degree program in Physics and Engineering at Loyola University Maryland, and a 3-2 combined degree program leading to two bachelor's degrees: a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Physics from Loyola University Maryland and a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Engineering from Columbia University. Students must obtain admission to Columbia University for the 3-2 program.

Biomedical Physics

According to the Nobel prize-winning scientist Harold Varmus, "for at least several hundred years, physicists—and especially their principles, methods and machines—have been illuminating our views of the human body and of every other living thing." Starting with the X-ray in the 1900s, new diagnostic and therapeutic instrumentation have been developed which have transformed the health professions. These instrumentations include MRI, CT, PET, gamma camera, ultrasound imaging, laparoscopes, among others. Multidisciplinary teams of people are required to work on the fundamental science, design and test the instruments, and market them. The aim of the minor in biomedical physics is to enhance a quantitative understanding of the science and technology involved in medical and biological applications. This minor may be of interest to those on the pre-health track, those wishing to enhance their quantitative skills, and those who want to be introduced to fields that combine physics with medical applications such as medical physics and biomedical engineering.

Political Science

In the context of a broad liberal arts program, political science majors focus on an area of human enterprise—government and politics—that permeates virtually every facet of their social and economic experience. This major provides a good background for numerous positions following graduation. Many of the Loyola students who are admitted to law school are political science majors. Other graduates in this major enter the paralegal and criminal justice professions. Still others work in federal, state, or local government or the foreign service.

A liberal arts background with a major in political science also opens doors in the worlds of business and industry, teaching, practical politics, and journalism, among others. Broad exposure to a number of areas within the discipline and well-developed habits of clear thought and expression enhance the major's prospects for a challenging career and an interesting life. Such exposure and such habits are given every encouragement in the Department of Political Science. A Minor in Political Science is available.

Pre-Health Curricula

Loyola undergraduate study creates a strong foundation to continue graduate study in medical and other health professions schools. The requirements vary for entry into masters and doctoral level programs in the health fields. Most of these programs require the satisfactory completion of two semesters each of general chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and physics, all with lab; at least one semester of math (usually calculus or statistics); and two semesters of English. Many health profession schools are now requiring additional courses, such as biochemistry, microbiology, anatomy and physiology, and psychology. Students are encouraged to check the requirements for each school of interest.

Most Loyola students who are interested in medicine or other health professions enroll as biology or biochemistry majors; however, it is possible to major in another discipline. For instance, students interested in nursing, physical therapy, and occupational therapy often enroll as biology/psychology interdisciplinary majors. Students should consider majoring in the subject area for which they have the strongest aptitude and interest, but they need to take the courses required by the specific professional schools in which they are interested. Most majors can meet these requirements by completing a minor in natural science. The director of pre-health programs is available to help design the best possible course sequence for all pre-health students. Entrance into health-related professional schools is highly competitive and requires the maintenance of a high grade point average. Exposure to the field through volunteering, research, and other extracurricular activities is also critical. Loyola's pre-health programs, such as Health Outreach Baltimore, clubs, speaker events, community contacts, and annual blood drive, support students in gaining meaningful health care experiences. 


Recent Loyola graduates attend Georgetown University School of Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Boston University School of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, University of Maryland Medical School, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Albany Medical College, among others. In addition, several graduates each year enroll in schools of osteopathic medicine throughout the country, including Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, and Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine.


There has been a steady increase in the number of students interested in the field of dentistry. Loyola students are well prepared for application to dental school. Recent Loyola graduates have received acceptances to University of Buffalo School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook University School of Dental Medicine, Tufts School of Dental Medicine, Columbia University College of Dental Medicine, Indiana University School of Dental Medicine, The University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, and Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine.

Veterinary Medicine

Loyola students who apply to veterinary medical colleges have a high success rate in gaining acceptance. Graduates have been accepted into Cornell University Veterinary College, University of Ohio Veterinary School, and University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine.


Nursing is the largest health profession in the U.S.A. high number of Loyola students apply each year to continue their studies in accelerated bachelor's degree or direct entry master's degree nursing programs. Several recent Loyola students have been accepted or attend the country's highest ranking nursing programs, including Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Northeastern University School of Nursing, Columbia School of Nursing, Yale University School of Nursing, and University of Maryland School of Nursing.

Physician Assistant, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Podiatry, and Public Health

There is an increasing number of Loyola students interested in attending these graduate programs. The majority, who complete the prerequisites for these programs and gain necessary experience in the field, are very successful in their application. Recent Loyola graduates are attending or have attended physician assistant programs at Jefferson Medical College and New York Institute of Technology, Marist University, Hofstra University, Long Island University Brooklyn Physician Assistant Studies, and Monmouth University Physician Assistant Program. A few graduates have enrolled in podiatry colleges, most recently the School of Podiatric Medicine at Temple University. Students interested in physical therapy or pharmacy have been successful with most competitive schools, including Duke University Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, University of Delaware Doctor of Physical Therapy program, and University of Maryland School of Pharmacy. Students with combined interest in social sciences and health have been exceptionally successful with their applications to public health programs. Recent graduates have been accepted to Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Columbia University School of Public Health, Tufts University School of Public Health, and Johns Hopkins University.


Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Whether through research or practice, experts in the field of psychology aim to understand why individuals and groups think, feel, and act as they do, and what factors influence these processes. The courses offered in the Psychology major include foundation courses that emphasize overarching themes, depth courses that provide focused study of psychology's many subfields, and mastery courses that foster expertise in specialized areas of psychology. In addition, the psychology curriculum is designed to foster critical thinking skills, effective communication skills, an understanding of scholarly research and methodology, and an appreciation of issues of diversity. The Psychology department offers a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Psychology. In addition, the department offers Interdisciplinary majors in Psychology.

Required courses for a major in psychology provide excellent preparation for students of myriad career ambitions. Upon graduation, Psychology majors are attractive candidates for entry-level positions in business and industry (e.g., marketing, human resources), social service fields (e.g., community mental health, criminal justice, social services), and graduate education in domains such as clinical psychology, applied psychology, law, and public health. Our required Professional Development course is designed to help foster career discernment, and our students can pursue Field Experience placements that further support readiness for post-graduation work or graduate school. Those of our students who plan to pursue the study of psychology beyond the undergraduate level are well-positioned because of our rigorous curriculum. The departmental advisory system, together with its innovative curriculum, has helped majors be competitive in obtaining admission to a wide range of psychology and other graduate schools. Note that the professional level of training necessary to become a licensed psychologist is the doctorate. In most states, graduation from a clinically focused master's program enables a student to practice psychology under the supervision of a licensed psychologist and may position a student to pursue independent licensure as a professional counselor.


Sociology is the study of people in groups ranging in size and intimacy from dyads, to families, to entire societies. Because sociology has many areas of specialization, it can prepare majors for a variety of career options. Recent sociology graduates are working in the fields of, healthcare, management, personnel, public relations, marketing, social research, law enforcement, and nonprofit social services. Others are pursuing careers in academic sociology, education, law, social work, public health, and public policy after completing further graduate study.

Sociology majors obtain a theoretical foundation, training in qualitative and quantitative research methods, and gain an opportunity to apply their knowledge to the "real world" through an internship and related seminar. Sociology is a flexible major ideally suited for students seeking a double major or an interdisciplinary major combining sociology with another area.

The sociology minor is designed to provide choice among departmental courses, allowing students to specialize in topic areas such as crime and justice, race and gender, cross cultural studies, or to seek a broad overview of the field. Both the major and the minor can be tailored to the career objectives of the individual, and students from other majors will find many courses relevant to their career interests.

Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences

Students who earn an undergraduate degree in speech-language-hearing sciences (SLHS) are provided with the background knowledge to choose from multiple professional paths.  Some SLHS undergraduates enter graduate programs in related fields, such as psychology, public health, neuroscience, and education, based on the knowledge and skills they have gained within a broad liberal arts background. However, most students who complete an undergraduate SLHS degree pursue master's or doctoral degrees in speech-language pathology or audiology. Following successful completion of a graduate course of study and after receiving certification, speech-language pathologists and audiologists work as licensed, certified clinicians in the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of children and adults with a wide variety of communication disorders including speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, swallowing, balance, and hearing disorders. Whereas speech-language pathologists work with a wide variety of communication disorders, audiologists specifically work with children and adults who experience hearing, balance, and other auditory disorders.  Graduates may choose to work in settings such as early intervention, schools, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, private practice, research facilities, and universities. Across their chosen career paths, many SLHS graduates have distinguished themselves as leaders in local and national contexts, as well as in clinical and academic settings. 


The practice of theology in a Catholic context requires study of the origins and uses of Jewish and Christian Scriptures, the history of Christianity (Eastern and Western, Catholic and Protestant), contemporary theologies, and theological ethics. It also requires studying the multiple relationships between theology and contemporary philosophies, religions, and cultures. The two core courses in theology introduce students to these issues. Core courses in ethics explore various themes (like bioethics, war, and hospitality) through a theological lens. Seminars are discussion-based explorations of one of the four main sub-disciplines of theology: the study of Scripture; the history of Christianity; contemporary theology; or theology, culture, and ethics.

Theology can be combined with other majors such as biology, psychology, or writing for a double major. Interdisciplinary majors are also possible. Students who wish to do this should plan the desired sequence and courses with an advisor. Students with a double major or interdisciplinary major are often well prepared to teach religion and a second subject in denominational high schools. The Theology Department assists theology majors in every possible way with finding employment or applying to graduate school. Theology is good preparation for fields such as publishing, journalism, counseling, social work, business, and law. In addition, there are new opportunities opening up in Roman Catholic and Protestant parishes for people with backgrounds in theology and increased need for teachers of religion in private schools. A minor in Theology is available.

Visual and Performing Arts

The Visual and Performing Arts Department offers majors in the visual and performing arts. Students interested in the visual arts may pursue concentrations in art history, photography, studio arts, and InterArts. The department also offers an interdisciplinary major in visual arts and minors in art history, photography, studio arts, and InterArts. Those interested in the performing arts may pursue concentrations in music and theatre as well as a comprehensive concentration, which combines coursework in music and theatre. The department also offers interdisciplinary majors in both music and theatre and minors in those same fields. . Although the individual programs within the department are quite diverse, the development of interpretive skills and critical thinking are fundamental to all degrees offered by the department. Students who pursue courses in photography, studio arts, music, and theatre are actively engaged in the creative process of making art, while those who study art history are primarily engaged in historical study. However, all majors and minors study both the practice and the history and theory of their respective disciplines.

Visual and performing arts majors and minors have pursued careers and graduate study in a variety of diverse fields. They have also found positions in museums, galleries, and libraries; careers as teachers, curators, professional actors, and directors; and positions in public relations and commercial photography.


The Writing curriculum frames the spectrum of writing-from literary to professional-with the aim to help students understand the demands of each genre as a rhetorical act (a form of communication). Through the systematic study of the writer's art and craft, students develop particular habits of mind, practices, and civic responsibilities that will serve them well no matter what field of study or what professional goals they pursue.

The department offers a Major in Writing that gives students the opportunity to pursue a broad spectrum of courses that will deepen their expertise in writing creative, civic, and professional genres. Writing majors typically go on to become lawyers, technical writers, teachers, reviewers, publishers, newsletter managers, strategists, and consultants, as well as essayists, poets, and fiction writers.

The department also offers an Interdisciplinary Major in Writing and a Minor in Writing. The interdisciplinary major allows students to split their major between writing and another discipline (writing/English, writing/ biology, etc.), while the minor allows them to combine study in writing with a full major in another subject. The department also supports a Writing Honors Society (Pi Epsilon Pi); offers students a literary magazine to edit and publish, Corridors; sponsors the Loyola Rhetoric Society, a student-run organization; and runs the Modern Masters Reading Series, which brings literary figures to campus. In addition, students can earn credit for internships in writing-related professional positions.

Students with an interest in both writing and communication may choose a Major in Writing with a Minor in Communication and Media, the Interdisciplinary Major in Writing/Communication and Media, or a Major in Communication and Media with a Minor in Writing. For complete descriptions of the majors and specializations available, consult the writing and communication chapters within this catalogue.

School of Education

Teacher Education

Designed to prepare those who plan to teach on the elementary level, the education major blends theory and practice in a course of study that integrates Loyola's liberal arts core with a program emphasizing mastery of subject area content as well as pedagogy.

The School of Education also offers an opportunity to individuals who major in other disciplines to prepare for state certification in secondary teaching. Students who choose this option generally combine the required coursework in their major discipline with a minor in secondary education. Both the major and minor programs foster the development of reflection, critical judgment, and professional dispositions that prepare graduates to promote excellence in the education of children of all backgrounds and abilities.

The programs in teacher education are fully accredited by the Maryland State Department of Education and include the Maryland approved reading courses. Graduates of the elementary and secondary programs are eligible for Maryland certification after passing required licensure examinations. Maryland has reciprocity agreements with most other states. Students planning to teach outside of Maryland after graduation should contact the State Department of Education in the state where they plan to seek employment for specific eligibility requirements.

The Major in Elementary Education and Minor in Secondary Education includes the completion of internships in Professional Development Schools. Professional Development Schools are collaborative efforts between local schools and Loyola's School of Education. Professional Development School placements provide yearlong intensive internship experiences that integrate theory and practice.

The elementary education program also provides an option to include additional coursework that leads to a Minor in Special Education. Candidates completing the elementary major, special education minor, a specialized internship, and licensure examinations are eligible for dual certification in elementary and special education. The special education minor is also open to other majors but does not lead to licensure for other majors.

The Minor in Urban Education is designed for students interested in the unique challenges and complexities of schooling and community in urban spaces. Special attention is paid to issues of race, class, culture, and language.

The Joseph A. Sellinger, S.J., School of Business and Management


The objective of the undergraduate accounting program is to provide students with a broad education with basic conceptual accounting and business knowledge as a foundation for careers in the fields of public, industrial, nonprofit, and governmental accounting or to pursue graduate study. Students who plan to earn CPA licensure must complete additional coursework beyond the requirements of the 120-hour undergraduate accounting degree, earning 150 total credit hours. Loyola offers the Master of Accounting (MAcc) to assist students in meeting this requirement. The MAcc program offers a 10-course, 30-credit-hour cohort program which can be delivered in both a full- (three semesters) or part-time format. Consult the graduate catalogue for more information on the MAcc program.

Business Economics

The Economics major (BBA) enables students to develop economic analysis skills applicable to a broad range of business concerns such as pricing and production strategy, empirical supply and demand models, and macroeconomic forecasting. It is especially useful in preparing for a graduate business program.

Much individual attention is devoted to students by a faculty experienced in business and government applications of economics. Internships in economics allow students to integrate their classroom education with exposure to real-world problems and practices in a variety of fields. In the classroom, the economics student develops an analytic capability useful in business and government policy-making, uses computer and quantitative methods which have applications in economic and financial consulting, and takes part in intensive discussion and analysis of contemporary affairs.

Students intending a professional economic analysis career, or a career in law or public policy, are encouraged to major in economics (BA) in Loyola College of Arts and Sciences.


The BS in Finance provides students with the analytical and decision-making skills typically possessed by entry-level financial managers and financial analysts. Students develop a broad background in all of the major areas of finance and have the opportunity to focus in a specific area such as corporate finance, investment analysis and portfolio management, financial institutions, risk management, or international finance. Because Finance is a core function across all organizations, both for profit and not-for-profit, the minor in finance is designed to provide an understanding of the financial implications of decisions within organizations related to a student's specific major.

Students are offered a wide range of finance electives, internships, a national honor society, the FMA and the Fixed Income society student clubs, the CFA challenge, the opportunity for earning certifications in data platforms like Bloomberg, Morningstar, and Capital IQ, and are better prepared for standard industry certifications such as the CFA, CFP, and the Series 7 exams. Students can also apply to manage the University endowed, $500,000 Sellinger Applied Portfolio Fund.

Information Systems, Law, and Operations

The major and minor in Information Systems and Data Analytics prepares students to lead, create, apply, and manage advanced technology solutions in all areas of business to enhance decision making, address challenges, and capitalize on strategic opportunities. Information and technology are essential for the creation, enablement, coordination, control, communication, and innovation of effective organizations in order to gain competitive advantage and thus contribute to society. Students are offered electives, internships, a national honor society, a student club, an independent study supervised by a faculty member, and domestic and international study tours. Students can earn a prestigious BI certificate from SAS, Inc., alongside a series of digital badges in areas such as SQL, sports analytics, and data visualization (R, python, and Tableau). An external business advisory board provides student mentoring and linkage to a variety of publicly-traded and privately-held companies.

The Operations Management discipline is focused on planning and processes involved in value creation for both product and service firms with goals of efficiency, effectiveness, and value. This involves appropriate application of technology, critical thinking, and quantitative methods for analysis, communication, and decision making in areas such as logistics and supply chain. Students are offered electives, company visits, and internships. Students can complete a minor in supply chain management with the potential for simultaneously completing a major or minor in information systems and data analytics.

The Law & Social Responsibility discipline prepares students to become leaders and managers who understand legal and ethical rules that will guide their behavior. Students can complete a minor in Corporate Social Justice Studies. Innovative courses explore justice-focused issues, the legal environment of business, and diversity. Some courses are Diversity-Justice designated. Known for innovative teaching, research, and discourse on justice, Law faculty attract students exploring the possibility of attending law school. Students interested in informal pre-law advising are invited to contact the department.

International Business

The International Business (IB) major, an interdisciplinary course of study, is designed to develop business leaders and professionals prepared to anticipate and respond to global challenges that impact local, national, and international markets. The IB curriculum provides an opportunity for students to understand the importance of international business and demonstrate an understanding of the economic, political, social, cross-cultural, and ethical contexts of the global environment of business. Students learn to understand the role businesses, governments, institutions, and organizations play in the global marketplace and how state actors, non-state actors, and global economies intersect. This interdisciplinary major prepares students to anticipate and analyze challenges, risks, and opportunities, evaluate global markets in which businesses operate, and develop international operations and strategy. Finally, it allows students to acquire and demonstrate an ability to navigate cross-cultural contexts.

With globalization and the emergence of new actors and regulatory frameworks, public and private sector future professionals and practitioners need to be globally adroit. Students in the IB major examine the role of business, government, institutions, and organizations to gain an appreciation for the social, political, economic, cultural, and ethical contexts in addition to the considerations and consequences related to doing business in a global marketplace.

Leadership and Management Consulting

The Leadership and Management Consulting (LMC) major provides a thorough understanding of how leaders manage people and processes that are instrumental in solving problems and making important decisions that contribute to organizational effectiveness and performance. Students learn how to work effectively as employees, teammates, and ultimately leaders across organizational functions to create a great place to work. Studies show that great workplaces grow revenues faster, have more satisfied employees, and are more innovative. Students develop skills related to management consulting, which help them better solve problems and make decisions, regardless of whether they are doing so in a functional role or in the role of a management consultant.

All LMC majors develop important competencies to be effective leaders, managers, teammates, and management consultants by taking courses in organizational behavior, leadership, human resources management, teams, innovation, and strategic management. To culminate their experience, students take a consulting practicum using case studies to then integrate and apply their acquired knowledge and skills to solve problems faced by organizations. As such, the LMC major addresses a common complaint of employers who note that many students are unable to demonstrate necessary skills and competencies once they enter the workforce.


The Marketing major helps students acquire the knowledge and skills needed to establish a successful career in contemporary marketing and customer management.  Grounded in consumer psychology and analytics, this major prepares students to make decisions in the areas of product/service development, promotion, pricing, and distribution to create an optimal customer experience.  Students who study this expanding major may pursue careers in strategic marketing, branding, sales, digital marketing, customer/user experience management, customer analytics, content marketing, advertising, new product development, and social media.

Sustainability Management

The Sustainability Management major examines how corporations deliver value to people, planet, and profit while creating and sustaining competitive advantage. This cross-disciplinary major incorporates the various disciplines needed to analyze complex, multi-faceted, and multi-dimensional global business environments and sustainability challenges. It prepares students to anticipate, innovate, and create sustainable solutions for businesses, natural environment, and the society.

The graduates of the Sustainability Management major will enter a rapidly growing job market. There is an increasing demand for professionals with knowledge in sustainable development strategy in commerce, industry, government institutions, and nonprofit sectors. The major helps prepare students to understand organizations' sustainability challenges, assess opportunities, and offer solutions at global, local, and individual levels.

Sellinger Scholars Program

The Sellinger Scholars Program is a four-year leadership development honors program in business administration which provides highly motivated students with increased academic rigor beyond the traditional curriculum of the Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Science in Finance degrees. Through the Sellinger Scholars Program, classroom education is augmented through unique opportunities to interact with business professionals and community leaders and complemented with skills-based learning. Driven by the University's mission "to inspire students to learn, lead, and serve in a diverse and changing world," these interactions strive to enhance scholars' understanding of servant leadership and individual and corporate social responsibility while fostering greater discernment and reflection on personal and professional choices.

Scholars take foundation courses and a one-credit co-curricular course as a cohort. Required foundation courses offer increased rigor in the form of outside reading, discussion, and class presentations. The Sellinger Scholars Experience (BH 197  taken sophomore year) and the Sellinger Scholars Seminar (BH 198  taken junior and senior year) are designed to enhance and broaden the academic experience through the development of leadership and professional skills, focused career strategies, community engagement, skills-based learning, and service to the community. Scholars are selected when they apply to Loyola on the basis of academic achievement, leadership experience and potential, commitment to service, and community involvement.

Graduate and Professional Opportunities

Students applying for admission to graduate or professional schools are usually evaluated on the basis of the following criteria: their college academic record as reflected on their transcripts; their scores in special graduate or professional qualification tests; the evaluation submitted by faculty members at the request of the student; and sometimes a personal interview. Students are encouraged to consult frequently with their faculty advisor and the department chair about opportunities for graduate study and various fellowships and assistantships for their area of interest at universities known to be strong in those fields.

Career Services

The Dan and Kelly Rizzo Career Center at Loyola University Maryland serves all students and alumni in discovering fulfilling career paths, preparing to present their best selves to the world, and maximizing available resources to achieve their goals. The Rizzo Career Center helps students and alumni at whatever point they are in their career journeys, from the first day of undergraduate classes to late career changes. The Rizzo Career Center has developed a unique, four phase approach to serve all students and alumni, assessing where they are and helping them make progress toward their goals. This process includes an initial cycle of self-discovery and experience aligned with Loyola's commitment to Ignatian pedagogy, and final phases focused on practical preparation and pursuit of opportunities.

The Rizzo Career Center supports the career development process through numerous services and resources including individual counseling and coaching, events and workshops, job and internship connections, on-campus recruiting, and alumni engagement and networking. The Rizzo Career Center is a University partner in the Handshake network of schools, connecting to over 300,000 employers offering jobs and internships in diverse fields across the country. The Rizzo Career Center also offers Loyola Connect, a student and alumni focused networking platform that makes it easy to meet fellow Greyhounds in diverse career areas and learn insider perspectives, as well as Big Interview, a virtual training and practice platform for a wide variety of interview situations.

Learn more about the Rizzo Career Center's offerings helping students and alumni discover and develop their best selves by visiting www.loyola.edu/careercenter.