2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue 
    
    Dec 02, 2020  
2017-2018 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Mathematics

  
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    MA 483 - Numerical Optimization

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MA 301 , MA 302 . Focuses on the theory and algorithms that arise in nonlinear finite-dimensional optimization. Topics include line-search and trust region methods, quasi-Newton methods, and conjugate gradient methods.
  
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    MA 485 - Stochastic Processes

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: EC 220  or EG 381  or PY 292  or ST 210  or ST 265  or ST 381 ; MA 301 .  The fundamental concepts of random phenomena, including Bernoulli processes, Markov chains, Poisson processes, queuing theory, inventory theory, and birth-death processes. Applied and theoretic assignments, computer simulation. Same course as ST 485 . (Spring only) (Odd Years)
  
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    MA 489 - Techniques of Mathematical Modeling

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MA 302 , MA 351 . Covers basic mathematical tools for quantitative descriptions of practical problems arising from physics, biology, economics, and engineering. Mathematical models are an important way of obtaining quantitative solutions to these problems. Emphasis is on the formulation, analysis, and testing of mathematical models through some elementary examples and effective communication of quantitative results. Topics include modeling change by difference equations, curve fitting, modeling with differential equations, modeling by graph theory, and linear programming.
  
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    MA 490 - Special Topics in Mathematics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: Varies with topic. Special topics in advanced mathematics of interest to the instructor and students. Varies from semester to semester. Recent topics include coding theory, topology, optimization, geometry, and an honors seminar. May be repeated for credit with different topics.

Military Science

  
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    MS 099 - Leadership Lab

    (0.00 cr.)

    Provides an environment for practicing leadership skills taught in the classroom and hands-on training with military equipment. Corequisite for all other military science courses. (Pass/Fail)
  
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    MS 101 - Leadership and Personal Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Cadets are introduced to the personal challenges and competencies that are critical for effective leadership. Cadets learn how the personal development of life skills such as time management, physical fitness, and stress management relate to leadership, officership, and Army operations. Focus is placed on developing basic knowledge and comprehension of Army leadership dimensions while gaining a big picture understanding of the ROTC program, its purpose in the Army, and its advantages for the student. Health, wellness, and fitness instruction occurs outside the classroom. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment.
  
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    MS 102 - Introduction to Tactical Leadership

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . An overview of leadership fundamentals such as setting direction, problem-solving, listening, presenting briefs, providing feedback, and using effective writing skills. Cadets explore dimensions of leadership values, attributes, skills, and actions in the context of practical, hands-on, and interactive exercises. Health, wellness, and fitness instruction occurs outside the classroom. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment.
  
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    MS 103 - Intensive Independent Military Study

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Permits a student to do close and vigorous study on a military topic not available in the regular curriculum. Heavy research, reading, and writing are normally required and specifics of the assignments are determined by the student and instructor. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment. Written or electronic permission of the department chair.
  
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    MS 201 - Innovative Team Leadership

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Cadets explore the dimensions of creative and innovative tactical leadership strategies and styles by studying historical case studies and engaging in interactive student exercises. Cadets practice aspects of personal motivation and team building in the context of planning, executing, and assessing team exercises. Focus is on continued development of the knowledge of leadership values and attributes through an understanding of rank, uniform, customs, and courtesies. Leadership case studies of recent global events provide tangible context for learning the Soldier's Creed and Warrior Ethos as they apply in the contemporary operating environment (COE). Health, wellness, and fitness instruction occurs outside the classroom. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment.
  
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    MS 203 - Intensive Independent Military Study

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Permits a student to do close and vigorous study on a military topic not available in the regular curriculum. Heavy research, reading, and writing are normally required and specifics of the assignments are determined by the student and instructor. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment.
  
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    MS 209 - Foundations of Tactical Leadership

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Examines the challenges of leading teams in the complex contemporary operating environment (COE). The course highlights dimensions of the cross-cultural challenges of leadership in a constantly changing world and applies these to practical Army leadership tasks and situations. Health, wellness, and fitness instruction occurs outside the classroom. For nondegree credit. Open enrollment.
  
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    MS 301 - Adaptive Team Leadership

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Cadets are challenged to study, practice, and evaluate adaptive tactical leadership skills as they are presented with challenging scenarios related to squad tactical operations. Cadets receive systematic and specific feedback on their leadership attributes and actions. Based on such feedback, as well as their own self-evaluations, cadets continue to develop their leadership and critical thinking abilities. The overall focus is aimed toward developing tactical leadership abilities to enable cadets to succeed at the ROTC summer Leader Development and Assessment Course (LDAC).
  
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    MS 302 - Applied Team Leadership

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MS 301 . Corequisite: MS 099 . Increasingly intense situational leadership challenges are used to build cadet awareness and skills in leading tactical operations up to platoon level. Cadets review aspects of combat, stability, and support operations. They also conduct military briefings and develop proficiency in garrison operation orders. The focus is on exploring, evaluating, and developing skills in decision making, persuading, and motivating team members in the contemporary operating environment (COE). Cadets are evaluated on what they know and do as leaders as they prepare to attend the ROTC summer Leader Development Assessment Course (LDAC).
  
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    MS 303 - Intensive Independent Military Study

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Permits a student to do close and vigorous study on a military topic not available in the regular curriculum. Heavy research, reading, and writing are normally required and specifics of the assignments are determined by the student and instructor. Many select assignments, such as embedded reporter, operations officer, recruiting and retention, or communications systems engineering officer. Written or electronic permission of the department chair. Taken in lieu of MS 301  or MS 302 .
  
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    MS 401 - Developing Adaptive Leaders

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MS 301 , MS 302 . Corequisite: MS 099 . Develops cadet proficiency in planning, executing, and assessing complex operations; functioning as a member of a staff; and providing performance feedback to subordinates. Cadets assess risk, make ethical decisions, and lead fellow ROTC cadets. Lessons on military justice and personnel processes prepare cadets to make the transition to Army officers. Cadets analyze, evaluate, and instruct cadets at lower levels. Classroom and leadership experiences are designed to prepare cadets for their first unit of assignment. Cadets identify responsibilities of key staff, coordinate staff roles, and use situational opportunities to teach, train, and develop subordinates.
  
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    MS 402 - Leadership in a Complex World

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MS 401 . Corequisite: MS 099 . Explores the dynamics of leading in the complex situations of current military operations in the contemporary operating environment. Cadets use recent events to examine differences in customs and courtesies, military law, principles of war, and rules of engagement in the face of international terrorism. They also explore aspects of interacting with non-government organizations, civilians on the battlefield, and host nation support. Significant emphasis is placed on preparing cadets for their first unit of assignment. Case studies, scenarios, exercises from recent global events are used to prepare cadets to face the complex ethical and practical demands of leading as commissioned officers in the U.S. Army.
  
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    MS 403 - Intensive Independent Military Study

    (3.00 cr.)

    Corequisite: MS 099 . Permits a student to do close and vigorous study on a military topic not available in the regular curriculum. Heavy research, reading, and writing are normally required and specifics of the assignments are determined by the student and instructor. Most select assignments, such as operations or logistics officer, are very demanding and only for those overachievers. Written or electronic permission of the department chair. Taken in lieu of MS 401  or MS 402 .

Modern Languages

  
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    ML 101 - Introduction to European Culture and Civilization I

    (1.00 cr.)

    Restricted to students studying in Leuven. A study of European cultural, social, political, and economic life, designed to complement the student's study abroad in Leuven. Course focus varies based on the expertise and interest of the specific visiting professor.
  
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    ML 102 - Introduction to European Culture and Civilization II

    (1.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: ML 101 . Restricted to students studying in Leuven. A continuation of ML 101 .
  
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    ML 111 - Study Abroad Immersion Research Project

    (0.00 cr.)

    Restricted to students participating in a Loyola study abroad program or exchange. All students studying abroad through a Loyola program or exchange are required to complete an immersion research project. Students may choose to participate in a well-documented community service project while abroad or complete an independent research portfolio on their interaction with their host cultures. The project must be submitted to the Office of International Programs no later than 30 days after the student's program abroad ends. May be repeated once for credit. (Pass/Fail)
  
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    ML 201 - Exploring Language: An Introduction to Linguistics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the rule-based nature of language. Includes the study of basic English structures (morphological, phonological, syntactic) and practice in analyzing them. Other languages will also be used as examples depending, in part, on the interests and preparation of the students. Further topics covered are the relationship between writing and speaking; the idea of "correctness" in language; language change and variation in social and historical contexts; language and communication; and the concept of language in popular thought.
  
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    ML 205 - Living and Working in the French Caribbean Today

    (3.00 cr.)

    A volunteer and language immersion course offered in Baltimore and Guadeloupe, France. Students spend three weeks living with local families on the island of Marie Galante, part of the French overseas department of Guadeloupe, to organize and run volunteer activities in one of the island's small underprivileged communities. This course enables participants to apply their knowledge of French and of other academic disciplines to real life situations as they live with and help a Creole French community. Coursework includes readings by writers from Guadeloupe such as Gisèle Pineau, Maryse Condé, and Jean Juraver. Students also conduct interviews with locals and plan, script, and film a short documentary. Organized in collaboration with the Office Municipal de la Culture et des Sports de Capesterre. May be taken in either French (FR) or English (ML). IL
  
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    ML 250 - Introduction to Medieval Literature: Selected Languages

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of selected medieval texts, read in English translation, with readings on the culture and civilization of the times. Representative works in each of the major genres are read: the lyric, the epic, and other narrative genres. IM
  
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    ML 251 - Introduction to Medieval Italian Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    "The Three Crowns": Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio. An introduction to major medieval Italian works in English translation, with readings on the culture and civilization of the times. Selections read from the Divine Comedy, New Life, Canzoniere, Decameron. II/IM
  
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    ML 270 - Introduction to African Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are provided with an introductory knowledge of African literature, from the nineteenth century to the present. The cultural trajectories that run through precolonial Africa, colonialism, and the postindependence period are mapped for three countries, usually Nigeria, Senegal, and Algeria. Other issues such as negritude, the pan-African movement, and Islam are examined. The course focuses primarily on prose, the novel, the short story, and the essay. IAF
  
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    ML 285 - The Passions of Ancient China: Love, War, and Rectitude in the Classic Literary Era

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to traditional Chinese literature (in translation) which focuses primarily on belles lettres from The Book of Songs (1000-700 B.C.), said to be edited by Confucius, to the sprawling psychological novel of dynastic family intrigue and decline, Dream of the Red Chamber (1754). Through in-depth examination and discussion, it aims to make familiar classic masterworks and literary icons ubiquitous in today's China; their impact upon the popular and intellectual worlds of their own time; and their meaning and significance for those who inhabit modern society. IA
  
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    ML 300 - The Study Abroad Experience: Independent Study in Comparative Cultural and Literary Studies

    (1.00 cr.)

    Students are acquainted with global issues related to the challenges and rewards of living in a foreign country and given the opportunity to share their international experience with others after returning to campus. Requirements before going abroad include: attending three ML 207 lectures (or equivalent) and attending three cultural orientations. Requirements while abroad include: writing a guided independent research project and conducting in-depth interviews of two native persons. Upon returning to Loyola, students must organize or help organize two international events. They must also present orally their independent research project. For students planning to study abroad.
  
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    ML 301 - Modern Chinese Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Since the late nineteenth century, China has witnessed a history of radical transformations. Literature in modern and contemporary China became a battleground for competing political, cultural, and aesthetic discourses. Through a close reading of the literary texts and a review of the socio-historical background, this course provides diverse approaches to understanding the ever changing lives of the Chinese people. Issues of tradition, religion, family, gender, etc., are reexamined within the context of reform, revolution, and modernization in China. Films based on literary works with English subtitles are occasionally shown. All materials are in English translations. IA
  
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    ML 302 - Italian Romanticism and Western Literary Tradition

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: HS 101 , WR 100  or WR 101. A study of the historical, political, and artistic development of nineteenth-century Italy—from the nationalistic movements to the first years of the country—based upon literary movements of the times. II
  
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    ML 303 - Germany through Film and Video

    (3.00 cr.)

    An overview of the landmarks of German cinema. The course examines the social, political, and economic changes in Germany since 1945 and relates them to developments within the European Union. Consideration is given to films that portray the relationship between foreign workers and migrants to the host culture. Closed to students who have taken GR 303 .
  
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    ML 305 - Dungeons, Dragons, Damsels in Distress

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the medieval epic in literature and film. Students study selections of medieval German, French, and Italian epic. They also compare the major epics to their filmed versions and examine popular stereotypes about the knights, women, love, and war in the Middle Ages. Lectures on the culture of the times are included. Same course as GR 305 . IM
  
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    ML 306 - Old Wine in a New Bottle: Modern Film and Classical Chinese Tales

    (3.00 cr.)

    Modern films adapted from premodern Chinese historical and literary works connect the past and present, and sometimes also China and the West. By examining famous stories and their cinematic representations, students investigate how these films demonstrate the value of the past in contemporary society, and how they have influenced society's understanding of the cultural past of China. Selected historical, literary, archaeological, and cinematic works are used to analyze the origin and development for each story. The course aims to help students understand the relationship between film and textual discourses, past and present, as well as China and the West. Films and television series are provided with English subtitles. All readings are in English. No prior background in the subject matter is required. IA/IF/IM
  
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    ML 307 - Topics in Comparative Cultural and Literary Studies

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students explore and discuss the norms, values, and beliefs of their own and other culture(s) to gain a better understanding of the world in the age of globalization. Literary texts, non-fiction texts, films, documentaries, student presentations, and lectures by scholars and experts from other cultures are used to help students to gain an awareness of the cultural diversity in a globalized world community. By studying the cultural "output" of cultures other than their own, students gain a clearer understanding of the forces that drive a particular culture. Some of the topics compared include the role of religion and tradition in shaping family values, social and political structures, education, and social classes. CCLS majors and minors should take this course in the junior or senior year.
  
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    ML 308 - Introduction to Comparative Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Focuses on the nature and function of literature with particular emphasis on the degree to which a certain piece of literature is influenced by, or influences, the cultural milieu in which is was written. The works studied are drawn from a variety of cultures, including a number of African and Asian traditions, and a variety of styles and media—from poems, novels, and plays to films, propaganda, and web publishing.
  
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    ML 309 - Gender, Peace, and Justice in East Asia: Texts and Context

    (3.00 cr.)

    Provides a survey on the gendered representations and experiences in East Asia (China, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea), as well as in other Asian regions and countries. Situating East Asian men and women in both regional and global contexts, this course investigates how gender in East Asia has been (re)constructed, (re)institutionalized, (re)appropriated, as well as (re)interpreted in different socio-historical discourses and/or under the global influence. IG/IPJ
  
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    ML 310 - Introduction to Traditional Chinese Culture

    (3.00 cr.)

    The unique features of Chinese literature, society, and culture are introduced through the examination of masterworks of history, literature, philosophy, and the arts in order to help students understand the origins and development of Chinese culture, as well as its influence on modern society. All written works are provided in English translation. IA/IM
  
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    ML 311 - Language and Identity

    (3.00 cr.)

    Language both determines and is an expression of identity. The connection between the construction of social identity and language use within the context of the United States is investigated. Students explore how discourse is structured to shape the identity of various ethnic groups (e.g., Black, Native, Asian, and Latin Americans), examining common language myths and evaluating the language stereotypes and attitudes reflected in books, film, newspapers, advertisements, etc.
  
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    ML 315 - Popular Culture in Contemporary China: Transformation, Consumption, and Exchange

    (3.00 cr.)

    Critically examines popular culture and everyday life in Chinese society and the cross-cultural significance between China and the West in the context of globalization. Students study film to literature, music to fashion, and culinary arts to entertainment. They investigate the historical, sociopolitical, and aesthetic impacts of selected cultural topics through assigned readings and videos, in-class discussions, a field trip, and interactions with Chinese people. Students also become familiar with major themes, values, and concerns in Chinese culture, and they are able to apply appropriate methodologies and approaches for critical analysis of cultural texts. Keeping a reflective journal each week, students present the journal portfolio as part of the final project. No prior knowledge about China or the Chinese language is required. IA
  
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    ML 320 - Liberation Theology from Its Origins

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the origins of liberation theology during the Renaissance, comparing European and Latin American paradigms developed in association with the European conquest of the Americas. The course concludes with a liberation theologian from the twentieth century. Themes studied are mortality; charity versus charity; charity and justice; God versus the Church; the nature of the soul; temporal power; spiritual power; division of power; virtue; theology and history; the Gospels; the evangelization of Native Americans; the Counter-Reformation; the Church; Utopian visions (Saint Thomas More, Erasmus, Las Casas, and Guamán Poma de Ayala); immanence and transcendence; and revolutionary appropriations of Christ. Taught in English. Materials are read in translation; however, students who desire to read them in the original languages (Latin, German, French, Spanish) may do so. IC/IL
  
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    ML 322 - France Today

    (3.00 cr.)

    For students who wish to become acquainted with the major aspects of contemporary French cultural, social, political and economic life. Focuses on the major developments that have taken place since the 1940s. Readings are available in English only.
  
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    ML 324 - Representations of Women in Premodern Chinese Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: EN 101 , one HS 100-level course, and WR 100  or WR 101. Examines the different ways women are portrayed in premodern Chinese literature, varying from instruments for male expression, to objects of the male gaze, to individuals with their own thoughts. By comparing representations of women by both male and female writers, students are able to trace the overall evolution of the female figure in this literature and to analyze how the speaker's gender influences the conception of this figure. Through an analysis of the historical and social context of each work, students can explore more concretely the relationship between gender and political power. Attention is also paid to the way class and regional differences influence the images of women. Readings are in English. IA/IG/IM
  
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    ML 325 - Topics in Italian Literature in English Translation

    (3.00 cr.)

    Restricted to students studying in Rome. The Italian peninsula, from 960 A.D. to modern times, has an extensive literary and linguistic history. Some aspect of its literary history (e.g., medieval, Renaissance, romantic or theatre, short story, etc.) is examined, as determined by the expertise and interest of the specific visiting professor. It will attempt to maximize the advantages of Rome as its meeting place, while fulfilling the usual requirements of a 300-level literature course taught in English at Loyola. II
  
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    ML 327 - Myth of Childhood in Italian Cinema

    (3.00 cr.)

    Familiarizes students with the theme of childhood in Italian cinema. The theme of childhood is analyzed in the neorealism and postmodern periods. The child's point of view is often present and gives new perspective to childhood and Italian society in its transformations. II
  
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    ML 330 - Bargaining with the Devil: The Faust Legend in Literature, Film, and Music

    (3.00 cr.)

    The legend of a pact with the devil has long served as a metaphor for the desire to surpass the limits of human knowledge and power at any cost. Starting with the sixteenth-century Faust Book—which recounts the story of a scholar, alchemist, and necromancer who sold his soul to the devil—to the most recent cinematic, musical, and literary versions of the devil's pact, this course explores man's enduring fascination with the forbidden: evil, devil worship, witchcraft, magic, and sexuality.
  
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    ML 332 - Dante's Divine Comedy (in translation)

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: EN 101 , WR 100  or WR 101. An examination of Dante's major opus. Focuses on the historical, political, and philosophical aspects of Dante's masterpiece. Appreciation of Dante's place in world literature. Lectures in English with bilingual text. Knowledge of Italian helpful but not necessary. Closed to students who have taken IT 352 . IC/II/IM
  
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    ML 333 - Topics in Italian Renaissance Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: HS 101 , WR 100  or WR 101. An introduction to a specific aspect of Italian Renaissance literature in its social, cultural, and historical context. Topic announced each time the course is offered. May be repeated once for credit with different topic. II/IM
  
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    ML 334 - The Continuing Allure of Magic: Fairy Tales from Perrault and Grimm to Walt Disney

    (3.00 cr.)

    Close reading of fairy tales to ascertain their meaning and purpose within the sociohistorical context of the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries; examination of the Perrault and Grimm tales against the background of the literary currents of their times; comparison of traditional fairy tales with modern rewrites, with Walt Disney versions, and with contemporary fairy-tale theatre productions (videos). Interpretation of fairy tales from the anthropological, psychological, sociological, and political perspectives.
  
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    ML 335 - From Dante to Descartes: Readings on the Renaissance and the Baroque

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of this rich period of Western civilization. Philosophical, political, and social thought; artistic creations; and literary masterpieces are explored. Literary readings include works from Petrarch, Boccaccio, Rabelais, Montaigne, Cervantes, Herbert, and Gongora.
  
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    ML 340 - China through Film

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores Chinese culture through award-winning movies recently produced in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and other Chinese-speaking communities. Lectures and discussions focus on the representations of Chinese history, family, and society and further examine how the Chinese identity is constructed in these movies. Aesthetic styles and cinematic themes are also investigated. Meanwhile, the shifting dynamics between China and the West propose more critical questions on Chinese film as entertainment and its commercialization in an age of globalization. No prior knowledge of Chinese history, culture, film, or the Chinese language is required. Taught in English. IA/IF
  
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    ML 341 - Contemporary German Cinema

    (3.00 cr.)

    The course offers a brief overview of classic German cinema and its contribution to the art of filmmaking, with its main focus being the development of German cinema from 1960 to the present. Students view and discuss works by von Trotta, Fassbinder, Herzog, Petersen, Tykwer, Becker, Tim, and Akin, and they investigate the films' relation to the societal, historical, and political developments in contemporary Germany and Europe. No German necessary. IF
  
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    ML 342 - From Plymouth Rock to Ellis Island: An Examination of Immigration to America

    (3.00 cr.)

    The United States has long been known as a nation of immigrants. Most current residents originally came from someplace else, or at least their forebears did. This course examines immigration primarily as a cultural phenomenon, focusing on the process and its impact on the individual immigrant. Students investigate the political, social, and economic conditions which may have motivated someone to leave his or her native country, as well as the adjustments a person had to make upon arrival in North America. Students also have an opportunity to consider the subject from the vantage point of their own family background. GT
  
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    ML 352 - Universal Themes in Spanish Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of major themes in Spanish literature in translation. Examination of such topics as the Don Juan myth, the subject of dreams, the honor code, the problem of madness, and the response to and interpretation of one's surroundings. Closed to students who have taken SN 352 .
  
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    ML 355 - The Roaring Twenties in Weimar Germany

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the Weimar Republic and the early years of the Third Reich from a cultural rather than a political perspective. Focuses on the works of such diverse individuals as Einstein, Freud, Kafka, Brecht, and Thomas Mann.
  
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    ML 358 - Japanese Thought and Culture

    (3.00 cr.)

    Japan is a country which remains mysterious and exotic for many; a country which both fascinates and puzzles. This course is intended to take students beyond the immediately observable and into the heart and mind of Japan. It provides a sociological overview of contemporary Japan and its culture by examining distinctive cultural patterns in many domains. Students explore issues relating to the physical environment; communication styles; the structure of a vertical society; modern mass media; marriage and family life; gender roles; education; the workplace; traditions and values; the Japanese perception of self; and how these various factors effect intercultural communication. Offered at Notre Dame of Maryland University (DLJA 358). IA
  
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    ML 359 - History and Development of German Business

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the history and development of German business practices. Special emphasis is placed on the economic, social, and political ramifications of unification and developments in the European Union. Closed to students who have taken GR 359 . GT
  
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    ML 362 - The Early Latino Experience in the United States

    (3.00 cr.)

    Traces early Latino experiences and history in the lands that would become the United States. Three milestones are included: the first encounters between the Spanish and indigenous Americans during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; the Anglo incorporation of California, New Mexico, and Texas, during which Spanish-speaking peoples suddenly found themselves to be citizens of the English-speaking United States; and the first Pan-American conference (the origins of the Organization of American States), when Puerto Ricans and Cubans began to realize that their struggle for independence from Spain was being diverted and that they, like the upper-Californians, were coming under United States control. GT/IL/IU
  
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    ML 363 - Voices across America: A Symphony of Thought

    (3.00 cr.)

    Attempts an understanding of the diverse textures of thought which have helped define the Americas in the nineteenth century. Texts from France, the United States, and Latin America are examined. Students analyze themes such as slavery, race, class, acculturation, gender, love, power, wisdom, and nationality as they emerge. Students are encouraged to read original materials in Spanish or French when competent to do so. Students who have taken SN 370  must consult with the instructor before registering for this course. IAF/IL/IU
  
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    ML 364 - The Hero, the Villain, and the Lady: French Theatre of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

    (3.00 cr.)

    Studies the "love triangle" in the French theatre of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Special attention is given to the social history of the periods in which the plays were written. Texts include masterpieces by Corneille, Racine, Moliére, Marivaux, and Beaumarchais.
  
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    ML 365 - Home Here and Abroad: Why It Matters So Much

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the creation and evolution of the idea of home in different cultures and specific literary texts. In order to better understand what we call home, students analyze how the concepts of private life, intimacy, and comfort evolved at different times in different cultures and literatures. Once this is defined, the course analyzes how foreigners perceive our home, how their perception often differs from ours, how we see their home, and what it takes to create a new home. GT
  
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    ML 366 - The Holocaust in French Film

    (3.00 cr.)

    Discusses how the Holocaust and the persecution of the Jews were represented in French film from 1939 to the present. Students analyze how, at different times of their evolution, French cinema and French society have answered the questions: What happened? Who is responsible? How can we be sure we will never forget? The films analyzed include masterpieces such as Night and Fog, The Sorrow and the Pity, Hotel Terminus, Shoah, M. Klein, Goodbye Children, and Weapons of the Spirit. Closed to students who have taken FR 345 . IF
  
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    ML 371 - Love's Fatal Triangle: Courtly Love and the Development of Arthurian Literature in Medieval French Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: EN 101 , WR 100  or WR 101. A study of the earliest literature of Arthur and his knights in France and early French literature, where they came from and a consideration of modern representations. Knowledge of French is helpful but not necessary. Closed to students who have taken FR 371 . IM
  
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    ML 375 - Women and Men in Twentieth-Century Latin American Literature

    (3.00 cr.)

    Discusses gender roles and representation, along with specific topics which include romance, marriage, the "honor code," political and sexual identity, and voice in relation to fiction by writers such as Maria Louisa Bombal, Manuel Puig, José Donoso, Gabriel García Márquez, Luisa Valenzuela, and Rosario Ferré. Readings include essays, poetry, short stories, and a few novels or novellas (short novels). One or two artists, like Frida Kahlo, also are studied to explore these issues. Taught in English; however, students may elect to read Spanish versions of the texts. Closed to students who have taken SN 375 . IG/IL
  
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    ML 380 - Italy and Italians in Today's World

    (3.00 cr.)

    Restricted to juniors or seniors. A study of Italian issues in Europe and the world, with history and culture being of primary concern. Students are encouraged to view these diverse realities through the lens of their major discipline, linking the language and culture studied with their major discipline, the courses taken in the minor, and study abroad. Includes readings, films, videos, and a final paper about an issue concerning Italian Studies examined in an interdisciplinary manner. Capstone course for the Italian Studies minor. II (Spring only)
  
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    ML 385 - Special Topics in Modern and Comparative Literature and Culture

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive study of an author, theme, movement or genre in modern and comparative literature and culture. Topic announced each time the course is offered. May be repeated for credit with different topics.
  
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    ML 392 - Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of Latin America and Latino issues in the United States, with history and culture being of primary concern to determine how identities and nations are constructed and how they interact with each other. Students are encouraged to view these diverse realities through the lens of their major discipline. Closed to students who have taken HS 392 . GT/IL
  
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    ML 399 - Special Topics during Study Abroad

    (3.00 cr.)

    Restricted to students studying abroad. An intensive study of a theme, issue, movement, historical trajectory, or tradition in relation to the country in which the study abroad is occurring. Topics vary depending on country, program, and semester.
  
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    ML 400 - Medieval Studies Capstone Project

    (1.00 cr.)

    Restricted to Medieval Studies minors. An independent study accompanying a concurrently taken three-credit elective approved for the Medieval Studies minor. The interdepartmental subject and title must be approved by the instructor and Medieval Studies Consortium. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. IM
  
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    ML 401 - CCLS Capstone Paper

    (1.00 cr.)

    Restricted to CCLS majors. An independent study accompanying a concurrently taken, three-credit elective approved for the CCLS major. Students research and write a senior project paper integrating the course topic into the specific orientation chosen for their comparative studies. Written or electronic permission of the CCLS director. Topics must be approved by the CCLS director, in consultation with the CCLS Committee and the course instructor.
  
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    ML 404 - Another America, Central America

    (3.00 cr.)

    This course focuses on and compares contemporary Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. Topics for discussion include the continuing Spanish conquest and indigenous resistance to it; military dictatorships and genocide; U.S. interventions; social revolutions; and the rise of gang violence. Readings range from fiction and poetry to personal testimony and social science statistical research. Closed to students who have taken SN 304 . GT/IL
  
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    ML 426 - The Teaching of Foreign Languages

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: One foreign language course beyond 104-level or written permission of the instructor. Addresses the teaching guidelines and the expectations established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) and the World-Readiness Standards for Learning Languages. Students examine current methodologies, techniques, and educational goals for the teaching of foreign languages. Throughout the course, students develop lessons and activities that support an integrated foreign language program. Students also observe and evaluate foreign language classes. Students may also have opportunities to participate in classroom teaching. Maryland Core Learning Goals and Outcomes are introduced and reinforced along with the Interstate Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC) standards. One of the six methods courses is required for secondary school teachers by the Maryland State Department of Education. Same course as ED 426 .
  
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    ML 440 - Special Topics in Latin American and Latino Studies

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive investigation into a specific aspect of Latin American history, politics, culture, or literature. Topic announced each time the course is offered. May be repeated once for credit with different topic. IL
  
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    ML 441 - Modern Hispanic American Fiction

    (3.00 cr.)

    In the great melting pot of the United States, Hispanics are one of the fastest growing ethnic groups. The writing they produce is diverse, highly creative, and passionate. Three types of Latino authors are examined: those who have emigrated to the United States, those who were born in the United States, and those who live in Latin America but are influential in the United States. Representatives of these three groups are Isabel Allende (Chile-California), Rudolfo Anaya (New Mexico), and Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru-Washington-London-Madrid). Other traditions are also represented. All works read in English translation. IL/IU

Music

  
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    MU 110 - Class Piano

    (3.00 cr.)

    Restricted to beginning students. Group instruction in piano technique and repertoire for the beginning student. Covers basic skills including music reading. Students work both in groups and individually.
  
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    MU 118 - Voice Class I

    (1.00 cr.)

    An introduction to basic skills for beginning singers, including mechanics of breathing and posture, knowledge of vocal anatomy, health and care of the voice, vocal exercises and warm-ups, performance skills, and basic sight-singing skills (solfeggio). Songs are individually assigned. An audition with the voice program director. Enrollment limited to six students. A fee is charged for private instruction and is payable directly to the instructor.
  
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    MU 119 - Voice Class II

    (1.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 118 . A continuation of MU 118  with more emphasis on sight-singing skills, song preparation, communication of text, application of vocal techniques for assigned songs, stage deportment and dress, and performance anxiety management. Includes individual work with students during class and a recital for invited guests at the end of the semester. Enrollment limited to six students. A fee is charged for private instruction and is payable directly to the instructor.
  
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    MU 120 - Classical Guitar Class

    (3.00 cr.)

    Restricted to beginning students. Group instruction in technique and repertoire of the classical guitar. Emphasis is on music reading and securing a good foundation for further study.
  
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    MU 201 - Music Fundamentals

    (3.00 cr.)

    Develops in the student an awareness of some of the systems within music: acoustical, tonal, rhythmic, melodic, harmonic, and formal, and how they relate in an inseparable way to make music. An integrated approach-hearing, seeing, writing, and performing-is the goal. Fulfills fine arts core requirement.

     

  
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    MU 203 - The Art of Listening

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the major styles, genres, and works in the western art music tradition through guided listening. Students learn about the cultural contexts and aesthetic aims behind some of the most popular works still performed in concert halls today. Students apply the skills and lessons from the musical past, including the Baroque, Classical, and Romantic eras, to their own musical lives and become more perceptive and informed listeners. The ability to read music is not a prerequisite. Fulfills fine arts core requirement.

     

  
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    MU 204 - Western Musical Traditions

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to the major forms and styles in the western musical tradition, with an emphasis on guided listening of masterworks and the study of issues in musical aesthetics through scholarly and primary source texts. Aims to develop a more perceptive and informed listener and to introduce skills in music scholarship. Recommended for majors and minors as a replacement for MU 203 . Fulfills core requirement. Closed to students who have taken MU 203 . Same course as HN 322 .
  
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    MU 205 - Musicianship I

    (1.50 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 201  (may be taken concurrently) or written permission of the instructor. Using systematic approaches to sight singing and aural dictation, students develop skills to perform music more accurately and musically. Students also develop the ability to dictate melodic and harmonic intervals, rhythms, whole melodies, chord qualities, and harmonic progressions.
  
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    MU 206 - Musicianship II

    (1.50 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 205  or written permission of the instructor. A continuation of MU 205 .
  
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    MU 207 - Musicianship III

    (1.50 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 206 . A continuation of MU 206 .
  
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    MU 208 - Musicianship IV

    (1.50 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 207  or written permission of the instructor. A continuation of MU 207 .
  
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    MU 209 - Special Topics: Musical Training

    (1-3.00 cr.)

    Intensive private instruction in more than one instrument. Written or electronic permission of the music director. May be repeated eight times for credit.
  
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    MU 210 - American Musical Theatre: Uptown and Down

    (3.00 cr.)

    Studies the variety found in American musical theatre, including musical drama, opera, and musical comedy. Through readings, recordings, and video tapes, students investigate this lively art. At least one live performance is viewed during the semester. Same course as DR 210 . IU
  
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    MU 211 - Jazz Ensemble I

    (1.50 cr.)

    The Loyola Jazz Ensemble is open to all instrumentalists by audition. Repertoire includes masterworks of jazz and original compositions. Students are given opportunities for solo playing. An audition with the instructor. Students should be able to read a chart. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 217 - Scenes for Singers

    (1.50 cr.)

    Instruction to develop ensemble skills in solo singers and in pianists interested in working with singers. Participants are assigned partners with whom they prepare chamber duets and trios by composers such as Schumann, Mendelssohn, and Vivaldi. Some American musical theatre repertoire may be included. Weekly meetings (1.5 hours) and an additional 1.5-hour rehearsal are required, with a recital given at the end of the semester. An audition with the instructor. A fee is charged for private instruction and is payable directly to the instructor. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 220 - Chamber Ensemble I

    (1.50 cr.)

    Provides performance opportunities for instrumentalists who wish to play as soloists or as members of small groups (two to eight players). Concerts are performed both on and off campus. An audition with the instructor. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 221 - Loyola Singers I

    (1.50 cr.)

    The Loyola Singers is a mixed ensemble that performs a varied and challenging program of choral music from all stylistic periods. Some solo opportunities are available. The choir performs several times throughout the semester at venues both on- and off-campus. An audition with the instructor. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 230 - Classical Guitar Ensemble I

    (1.50 cr.)

    Designed for classical guitarists to perform in small groups of two to eight players. Participants are grouped according to level of ability, and music from the classical repertoire is rehearsed and studied. There are performance opportunities each semester. Open to students, faculty, and staff by audition. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 231 - Steel Pan Ensemble I

    (1.50 cr.)

    Repertoire from Trinidad and Tobago. Panorama, transcription, calypso, soca, latin, jazz, ragtime, classical, and island favorites are performed with a full steel pan orchestra. An audition with the instructor. May be repeated for credit.
  
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    MU 301 - Passion and Grace: Music of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

    (3.00 cr.)

    In 1600, the musical baroque was born. This new genre featured music of unprecedented emotion and passion. As it grew, new forms were added; it eventually evolved into the classical style which emphasized grace, poise, and balance. This remarkable development is traced with a focus on Monteverdi, Bach, Haydn, and Beethoven.
  
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    MU 302 - Structure of Music: Theory I

    (3.00 cr.)

    Recommended Prerequisite: MU 201  or written permission of the instructor. Music theory encompasses the study of melodic and harmonic practices common in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Focuses on comprehension through the development of skills including exercises, drills, ear-training, sight-singing, and analysis as well as lecture.
  
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    MU 303 - American Jazz

    (3.00 cr.)

    Traces the origin and development of a truly American musical phenomenon: jazz. Topics include prejazz, ragtime, New Orleans and Chicago jazz, big band, bop, and contemporary styles. Discusses the effect of jazz on the popular music of the time.
  
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    MU 304 - Music and Medicine

    (3.00 cr.)

    The intersection of music and medical history is examined. Topics include: Why was music considered a medicine against plague? Why were opera composers fascinated by tuberculosis? How did Barney the Dinosaur and Bruce Springsteen become instruments of torture? Open to all students. Music majors and minors have additional technical readings and assignments.
  
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    MU 305 - Music in the Twentieth Century

    (3.00 cr.)

    The most significant musical revolution in 300 years took place at the beginning of the twentieth century. What was the revolution? How and why do we need to listen to new music in a different way? These questions are addressed as the course investigates the music of Debussy, Schoenberg, Stravinsky, Copland, Glass, and others.
  
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    MU 306 - World Music: Common Ground, Separate Sound

    (3.00 cr.)

    Music is a worldwide phenomenon; however, there is no common musical language. Each culture develops its own instruments and musical traditions which reflect that culture's needs and resources. Indeed, the very function of music changes from culture to culture. This course focuses on the music of non-Western cultures, principally India, Pakistan, Bali, West Africa, and the altiplano region of Peru/Ecuador.
  
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    MU 307 - Music of the Romantic Period

    (3.00 cr.)

    A comprehensive survey of nineteenth century Western art music, including social, political, and philosophical issues of the period which impacted the composers and their lives. Grading based on a series of listening/written exams as well as class participation.
  
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    MU 309 - Opera and Theatre

    (3.00 cr.)

    Many operas are based on great literary and dramatic sources. Details the transformation of these works from spoken drama to musical setting. Traces the works' origins citing direct parallels, dissimilarities, omissions, condensations, and the musical conventions of opera. Addresses the association of librettist and composer. Compares various performances, both historic and current, and discusses the benefits and drawbacks of opera on film. Same course as DR 309 .
  
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    MU 310 - Structure of Music: Theory II

    (3.00 cr.)

    Prerequisite: MU 302 . Third music theory course in the curriculum. Students begin working with advanced techniques of analysis and composing short works. Topics include modulation, melodic development, and chromatic harmony.
 

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