2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue 
    
    Jan 20, 2022  
2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Photography

  
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    PT 270 - Basic Digital Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students acquire an understanding of and appreciation for both the technical and aesthetic aspects of reading and making photographs. Among the numerous techniques explored are lighting composition, and image enhancement and output. Students are expected to supply a digital camera with the ability to control aperture and shutter speed. Fulfills fine arts core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring/Summer
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PT 278 - History of Film

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the evolution of film from the development of silent films through contemporary works. Major directors and movements are investigated. Same course as DR 278 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IF
  
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    PT 279 - Silent Cinema

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the exciting, early technical and aesthetic evolution that laid the conceptual and formal groundwork for modern filmmaking. Students develop an historical and critical appreciation of film based on still photography, early attempts at making images move, contemporary aesthetic movements and the bold innovations of Edison, Chaplin, Griffith, and others. Students deconstruct early silent films, and make connections with modern feature films. Same course as DR 279 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IF/IU
  
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    PT 300 - Photocraft

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intermediate, technical introduction to photography concentrating on the fundamentals of imagemaking, editing, and presentation in both silver and digital processes. Students gain a wide range of technical skills and experiences in both the darkroom and digital labs, focusing on in-camera exposure techniques, film/digital printing, and project-based work. A basic introduction to the Zone System, studio lighting, and image presentation is also provided. Students are expected to supply a digital SLR camera (with full manual controls). A film SLR camera is recommended.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 301 - Photographic Vision: Tools, Techniques, and Theories

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students work with film and digital single lens reflex (SLR) cameras in the studio, darkroom, and computer labs. Students learn to use their cameras to craft thoughtful, intentional photographs and to enrich their understanding through careful readings of core texts of photographic theory and analysis of historic and contemporary photographs. Fulfills core requirement. Closed to students who have taken PT 300 . Same course as HN 323 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 319 - History of Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the major technical and aesthetic movements in the history of photography since its invention. Covers the works of major artists working in this medium as well as the major styles. Students in this class will not be expected to produce photographs. Same course as AH 319 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 353 - Book Arts and Artists' Books

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are introduced to the materials, techniques, concepts, and equipment used in the craft of making traditional and nontraditional books. They learn folding, stitching, enclosing, and binding methods while creating three-dimensional works that literally or metaphorically reference the structure of books, address contemporary ideas about visual content, and exist as three-dimensional works of art. Same course as CM 349 /SA 353 .

    Prerequisite: SA 224  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 360 - Digital Mixed Media

    (3.00 cr.)

    A combination studio and digital photography course in which the computer is used as a tool and an integral part of the creative process, but work is achieved through mixed media studio methods. Two- and three-dimensional projects may include installation and/or virtual works that exist only on the Internet. Some prior computer experience recommended. Same course as CM 360  and SA 360 .

    Prerequisite: SA 224  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 361 - Digital Image

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the ways in which the computer and various software programs can be used to modify and enhance an image as a visual statement for artistic and photojournalistic use. Students are expected to supply a digital SLR camera (with full manual controls). Same course as SA 361 .

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PT 362 - Advanced Digital Imaging

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students closely examine preproduction camera controls such as multiple exposure, compression formats, and camera raw and the postproduction tools of Adobe Photoshop. The aesthetics and ethics of digital imaging are studied in depth.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 364 - Contemporary Digital Art

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students taking this course gain an understanding of contemporary artists focusing on new media, while developing their own digital art practice. Video, animation, sound, web-based artwork, 3-D, interactivity, and other media practices are addressed. Classes consist of research, discussion, studio projects, critiques, and written work. Same course as CM 364  / SA 364 .

    Prerequisite: CM 322  or SA 224  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 375 - Silver Processes

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intermediate study of black and white silver photography. Students produce their own darkroom work. Exposure, development, and printing are explored in detail in the darkroom. Students are expected to furnish a 35-millimeter film SLR camera.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 376 - Directed Workshop

    (3.00 cr.)

    Designed to allow students to pursue an interest in a specific area of photography such as sports, portraits, landscape, nature, etc. Weekly critiques of ongoing projects and a final exhibition portfolio required. May be repeated twice for credit.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 377 - Landscape and Nature Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive workshop in photographing the landscape and elements from it as an expression of personal statement. Some weekend field trips required.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IES
  
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    PT 378 - Alternative Photographic Processes

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the early processes by which photographic images were recorded and displayed. Students make their own pinhole cameras and light sensitive materials, and produce original photographs. Explores the aesthetic and expressive possibilities of alternative photographic processes, including cyanotype, Van Dyke brown, and wet-plate collodion.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 379 - Color Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students study the history and production of color photographic processes. Students explore making color photographs using digital cameras. Color theory, history, and practice are studied through numerous readings and image analyses.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 380 - Studio Lighting

    (3.00 cr.)

    Aims at expanding students' visual awareness and their ability to create fine art imagery through the controlled use of studio lighting. Students work in film or digital as they explore a variety of light sources from natural light, to hot lights, to professional strobe lights in a studio environment.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 381 - Photojournalism

    (3.00 cr.)

    Photography in print and online media as illustration and narrative vehicle: the photo-essay and photo documentary. Basic graphics in print journalism.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IPJ
  
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    PT 383 - The Photographic Essay

    (3.00 cr.)

    Under the instructor's direction, students develop a body of photographic images exploring, in depth, a specific photographic subject. Frequent classroom critiques of the ongoing project, technical demonstrations, and museum/gallery visits.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 386 - Video Art

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the aesthetics and history of video art, as well as a study of the techniques of video production. Students produce numerous short and long video works.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IF
  
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    PT 391 - Image and Text

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the dynamic relationship between photographic imagery and text. Students study the history of art that combines text and visual imagery. They also explore in their own work the ways that text as an interactive, subversive, or antithetical element can conspire with the photographic image to construct or deconstruct opinions and provoke new responses.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 393 - Portraiture

    (3.00 cr.)

    Provides a basic foundation for students interested in portraiture. By examining the evolving roles of the photographer and the person being photographed, students are acquainted with contemporary trends in portraiture. Students work on projects that explore different ways of making portraits. Instruction includes slide presentations on the history and aesthetics of portrait photography.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Recommended Prerequisite: PT 380 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 394 - The Human Subject

    (3.00 cr.)

    Throughout history the human image has been the most important subject through which artists have expressed their personal visions. Students have an opportunity, through the use of lighting and composition, to study the human form as an artistic, photographic subject. Students considering enrollment in this course are strongly encouraged to register for The Nude in Art (AH 301) prior to, or along with, this course.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Recommended Prerequisite: PT 380 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 395 - Moving Pictures, Still Pictures

    (3.00 cr.)

    Concentrates on the historical and aesthetic relationships that are present throughout the histories of both media. Movie clips, slides, and still photographs are shown and discussed. Assignments focus on narrative, passage of time, point of view, dramatic artifice, and stylistic and formal aspects of cinematography and still photography.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 400 - Professional Practices for Artists

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are introduced to the working world of the professional artist. Students create a cohesive body of work that is critiqued throughout the semester and exhibited at the end of the semester. Students produce a portfolio of digital images of their artwork with accompanying professional materials aimed at being able to participate in the art world in some form upon graduation. Students enter at least one exhibition, mat and frame an artwork, and attend at least one opening reception for an exhibition off-campus. Recommended for visual arts minors. Normally taken in the fall semester of the senior year. Required for all visual arts majors who are not enrolled in PT 412 ; Same course as SA 400 .

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 403 - Advanced Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive study of advanced black and white techniques in the studio, darkroom, and on location. Emphasizes final print quality, technically and aesthetically.

    Prerequisite: PT 270  or PT 300  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PT 412 - Senior Project in Photography

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students develop an advanced project under the direction of a faculty member. Work on the project continues throughout both semesters of the student's senior year. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Proposals for senior projects must be approved by the fine arts faculty during the spring semester of the student's junior year.

    Restrictions: Restricted to Seniors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually


Physics

  
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    PH 005 - Electronics and Shop Techniques

    (1.00 cr.)

    Knowledge of electronic construction techniques and precision machine tools is essential for an experimental scientist. In this course, students learn techniques to construct a finished electronics project. In addition, through demonstrations and hands-on experience, they learn how to use equipment in the wood and machine shop in order to fabricate specialized setups for use in a scientific environment. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 101 - Introductory Physics I with Lab

    (4.00 cr.)

    A non-calculus-based introduction to physics. Fundamental concepts of classical physics including mechanics, fluids, heat, and thermodynamics. Lab component introduces basic principles of experimentation, error analysis, and report writing. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 102 - Introductory Physics II with Lab

    (4.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 101  which includes wave motion, sound, electrostatic and electromagnetic fields, DC and AC circuits, geometric and physical optics, and selected topics in atomic and nuclear physics. Lab component introduces basic principles of experimentation, error analysis, and report writing. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Prerequisite: PH 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 116 - Integrated Science I

    (4.00 cr.)

    An interdisciplinary presentation of the sciences, focusing on unifying concepts and real-life examples from physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, and astronomy. A particular focus is placed on areas where these traditional disciplines overlap. Hands-on activities and inquiry-based learning methods are used extensively to help in the development of a conceptual understanding of the material. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Restrictions: Restricted to elementary education majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 117 - Integrated Science II

    (4.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 116 . Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Prerequisite: PH 116 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to elementary education majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 120 - Introduction to the Universe

    (3.00 cr.)

    A survey of the history of astronomy and the current state of this science. A look at the probabilities of, and search for, extraterrestrial life. A study of our solar system, stars and their evolution, our galaxy and other galaxies, supernovas, pulsars, black holes, quasars. Fulfills one math/science core requirement. Closed to students who have taken PH 140  or PH 141 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 140 - Structure of the Solar System

    (3.00 cr.)

    A survey of the theories of the solar system starting with Pythagoras and Ptolemy and extending through Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, and Einstein. Explores the modern space program and what it has revealed about our planetary environment. Fulfills one math/science core requirement. Closed to students who have taken PH 120  or PH 141 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 141 - The Stellar Universe

    (3.00 cr.)

    The life of stars is discussed: how they are born, how they mature, how they die-sometimes with a bang and sometimes with a whimper. Pulsars, quasars, and black holes. Galaxies, cluster of galaxies. Cosmology, or how the universe began, if it did, and how it will end, if it will. Fulfills one math/science core requirement. Closed to students who have taken PH 120  or PH 140 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 150 - Energy and Environment

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of energy sources for the future: nuclear power, breeder reactors, gasoline substitutes, the future of coal, solar and geothermal sources are studied in view of the laws of thermodynamics. Studies the impact of energy use on resource conservation, water resources, air quality, waste disposal, land use. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 155 - The Making of the Atomic Bomb

    (3.00 cr.)

    A survey of scientific discoveries that lead to the creation of the atomic bomb. Topics include atomic and nuclear structure, relativity, electromagnetic and nuclear forces, and early quantum mechanics. Also considers political and ethical implications of nuclear weapons. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 160 - Light and Color

    (3.00 cr.)

    Light and its behavior influences our perception of the world around us. Reflection, refraction, polarization, diffraction and interference are investigated, as well as optical instruments, vision and the phenomena of color. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 165 - How Things Work

    (3.00 cr.)

    Demystifies the working of everyday objects such as compact disc players, microwave ovens, lasers, computers, roller coasters, rockets, light bulbs, automobiles, clocks, and copy machines. Focus is on the principles of operation of these objects as well as their histories and relationships to one another. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 170 - Music and Sound

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to the physical basis of sound in general and of music in particular. The nature of sound as a wave in air is treated first, and the physical quantities which correspond to pitch, volume, and timbre are examined. Topics include sound production in wind, stringed, and electronic instruments; underlying basis of harmony, dissonance and scales; and the human auditory detection system. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 185 - Nature of Scientific Inquiry

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the central theories and paradigms of modern science and the methodology by which these results came to be accepted. Includes historical narratives of scientific discoveries, comparisons of science with other forms of inquiry, major transdisciplinary ideas in the sciences, and characteristics of a scientific approach to the world. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 191 - Introduction to Physics Research

    (1.00 cr.)

    A supervised research project, may include a public presentation of results. For nondegree credit. May be repeated twice.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 200 - Opportunities in STEM

    (1.00 cr.)

    The colloquium focuses on internships, research, and career options available to students in Computer Science, Physics, Mathematics, and Statistics (CPaMS) through speaker talks, career center workshops, and field trips to research and industry partners. This course is intended for natural and applied science majors. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Required for all CPaMS Scholars in their second year. Does not count toward the 120-credit graduation requirement. Same course as CS 200 , MA 200 , ST 200 . (Pass/Fail)

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 201 - General Physics I

    (4.00 cr.)

    Designed for majors in the physical sciences. Topics include vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws and dynamics, conservation laws, rigid body equilibrium, rotational mechanics, oscillatory motion, fluid mechanics and motion in a gravitational field, and wave motion. Fundamental concepts of vector analysis and calculus are developed. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Concurrent Requisite: MA 251 , PH 291  or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 202 - General Physics II

    (4.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 201  which includes classical electromagnetic theory and geometrical optics. Fulfills one math/science core requirement.

    Prerequisite: PH 201 .
    Concurrent Requisite: MA 252 ; PH 292  or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 271 - Introduction to Scientific Programming

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to computer programming and applications in physics. Topics include numerical solution of problems in classical mechanics, use of computer algebra systems, and work with numerical packages. No prior programming experience is required.

    Prerequisite: PH 101  or PH 201 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 291 - General Physics Lab I

    (1.00 cr.)

    An introduction to experimental physics stressing principles of measurement, treatment and presentation of data and error analysis with experiments taken primarily from mechanics.

    Concurrent Requisite: PH 201 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 292 - General Physics Lab II

    (1.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH291 with experiments taken from sound, wave motion, electrostatics, DC and AC circuits, and geometrical optics. Basic electronic instrumentation introduced.

    Prerequisite: PH 291  or written permission of the department chair.
    Concurrent Requisite: PH 202 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 293 - Intermediate Laboratory I

    (1.00 cr.)

    A variety of illustrative and sometimes classic experiments in optics, thermal physics, mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and quantum physics; also introduces the rigorous analysis of experimental errors.

    Prerequisite: PH 202  and PH 292 , or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 294 - Intermediate Laboratory II

    (1.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 293 , with further experiments in optics, thermal physics, mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and nuclear and quantum physics. Extends discussion of error analysis to include use of partial derivatives and statistical distributions.

    Prerequisite: PH 293  or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 303 - Discovering Information in Data

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students use tools for acquiring, cleaning, analyzing, exploring, and visualizing data. This course teaches students how to make data-driven decisions and effectively communicate results. A major component of this course is learning how to use python-based programming tools to apply methods to real-life datasets including those that arise from physics applications. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Fulfills the natural science core requirement. Does not count toward the computer science, data science, and/or mathematics minors for physics majors. Closed to students who have taken CS 403 , DS 303 , or MA 303 . Same course as CS 403 , DS 303 , MA 303 .

    Prerequisite: CS 151 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 307 - Mathematical Methods in Physics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Development of the mathematical methods needed to describe waves and vector fields. Topics include power series, complex numbers, linear algebra, Fourier series, and vector calculus. Physical examples cover harmonic oscillations, coupled oscillations, and traveling waves. The course provides a solid mathematical foundation for the advanced physics courses.

    Prerequisite: MA 252 
    Recommended Corequisite: MA 351 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 312 - Modern Physics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to the two major revolutionary developments in physics during the twentieth century, namely Einstein's special theory of relativity and quantum physics. Topics in relativity include simultaneity, the Lorentz transformations, and mass/energy equivalence. Topics in quantum physics include wave/ particle duality, the Uncertainty Principle, quantization of energy and angular momentum, atomic orbitals, and the infinite square well model.

    Prerequisite: PH 202 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 316 - Classical Mechanics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Foundations and applications of Newtonian dynamics are applied to single particle systems, many particle systems, and rigid bodies in two and three dimensions.

    Prerequisite: PH 202  and MA 351 .
    Recommended Corequisite: MA 304 

    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 317 - Thermal Physics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of classical thermodynamic concepts including temperature, heat, entropy, free energy, and thermodynamic cycles. Also introduces the concepts of probability and statistical physics with an emphasis on the kinetic theory of gases.

    Prerequisite: PH 201 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 382 - Biomechanics of Sports and Exercise

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the applications of classical mechanics to biological problems, particularly human movement. This includes internal biomechanics which is concerned with the structural functioning of the human musculoskeletal system, as well as external biomechanics which focuses on external forces and their effects on the body and its movement.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 383 - Physics of Medicine and the Human Body

    (3.00 cr.)

    Expands on introductory physics courses through the study of mechanics, fluids, and sound as they are applied to the human body. Examples include biomechanics, metabolism, cardiovascular system, lungs, and alveoli, and hearing. Modern medical instrumentation is covered, particularly MRI, PET, and the gamma camera. Hands-on activities are included. A field trip may be required.

    Prerequisite: PH 101  or PH 201 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Even Years

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PH 384 - Waves and the Physics of Medicine

    (3.00 cr.)

    Expands on introductory physics courses through the study of geometric optics, interaction of light with tissue, nuclear physics, and ultrasound, as they are applied to modern medical instrumentation. Examples include fiber optics, CT, gamma camera, PET, MRI, and ultrasound imaging. Hands-on activities are included. One field trip may be required.

    Prerequisite: PH 101  or PH 201 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PH 388 - Independent Project in Physics or Astronomy

    (1-3.00 cr.)

    A supervised project including a public presentation of results. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. May be repeated for credit.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 391 - Physics Research

    (3.00 cr.)

    A supervised research project including a public presentation of results. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. May be repeated for credit.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 397 - Experimental Methods I

    (2.00 cr.)

    A combined lecture/laboratory course treating the methods and instrumentation used in contemporary physics (along with other technological fields). The major emphasis of the course is on analog and digital electronics.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 398 - Experimental Methods II

    (2.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 397 , including an extended treatment of computer interfacing and automated data acquisition.

    Prerequisite: PH 397  or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 415 - Quantum Mechanics I

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of quantum physics based on the Schrödinger Wave Equation and its solutions for various physically interesting systems. Applications include atomic and molecular physics, plus other topics contingent on time and interest.

    Prerequisite: PH 307  and PH 312 , or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 416 - Quantum Mechanics II

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the formal structure of quantum mechanics including matrix mechanics, operators, and spin. Includes more advanced applications such as scattering theory, perturbations, and quantum statistics.

    Prerequisite: PH 415 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Even Years

  
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    PH 417 - Electricity and Magnetism I

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of Maxwell's equations in free space. Includes the calculation of electric and magnetic fields from charge and current distributions, as well as the creation/propagation of electromagnetic waves.

    Prerequisite: MA 351 , PH 316  or written permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PH 418 - Electricity and Magnetism II

    (3.00 cr.)

    Electric and magnetic fields in matter and the relativistic formulation of electrodynamics.

    Prerequisite: PH 417 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Odd Years

  
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    PH 480 - Advanced Topics in Physics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An advanced course in one or more areas of special interest. Possible topics include solid state physics, nuclear and particle physics, general relativity, astrophysics, statistical mechanics, advanced mechanics, optics, or computational physics. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. May be repeated for credit.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 484 - Methods of Theoretical Physics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to advanced mathematical techniques which are often used in physical theory. Includes elliptic integrals, spherical harmonics, Bessel functions, Fourier analysis, complex analysis, and calculus of variations.

    Prerequisite: MA 351 , PH 307 , and PH 312 ; or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 491 - Technical Innovation and Entrepreneurship

    (3.00 cr.)

    A survey of technical innovation and entrepreneurship. Introduces theoretical frameworks and examples of issues, skills, and challenges of innovating in the fields of science and engineering. Establishes multi-disciplinary skill sets for creating and managing technology-based entrepreneurship. Includes idea generation, evaluation, intellectual property, teamwork, business plans, financing through private and public sources, developing and marketing products, and legal issues. Includes a semester-long group project with a faculty and/or industrial mentor. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Same course as CS491 and EG491.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 493 - Advanced Laboratory

    (3.00 cr.)

    A laboratory that emphasizes extended experiments requiring equipment design and originality. A public presentation of results is required.

    Prerequisite: PH 294 , PH 312 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Odd Years

  
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    PH 495 - Senior Honors Thesis I

    (3.00 cr.)

    A full-year research project providing the opportunity for students to pursue an area of special interest. A preliminary paper is required outlining the nature and scope of the problem, the associated literature, and the proposed contribution. Progress reports and a final research paper are required. By invitation only. Must be followed by PH 496 .

    Prerequisite: PH 307 , PH 312 , and written or electronic permission of the department chair.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 496 - Senior Honors Thesis II

    (3.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PH 495 .

    Prerequisite: PH 495 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PH 498 - Forensic Studies Experience

    (3.00 cr.)

    A capstone experience in forensic studies in which a student may arrange an internship, independent study, or research experience with a faculty sponsor to engage in an in depth exploration of a topic associated with forensic or criminal investigation. Written or electronic permission of a sponsoring faculty member. Generally completed during senior year; students should secure a faculty sponsor and obtain the approval of the forensic studies director by the end of junior year.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS

Political Science

  
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    PS 101 - Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    The basic principles and problems of political science centered on the origin, powers, and limitations of the state and the nature of the political process.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PS 102 - American Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    The nature and concepts of the federal government; the function and operations of its three branches- executive, legislative, and judicial; the role of political parties and pressure groups.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 301 - Asian Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    The politics of Asia in comparative perspective.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 302 - Chinese Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Will the twenty-first century be the "Chinese century"? The course seeks to answer this question by studying the legacies of the pre-1949 era, the impact of the Mao era, and the continuing sources of economic growth and political instability in contemporary China through the writings of Mao, documentary films, and the latest work of political scientists today.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IA
  
  •  

    PS 303 - Latin American Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    The politics of Latin America in comparative perspective.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IL
  
  •  

    PS 304 - Politics of the Middle East

    (3.00 cr.)

    The politics of the Middle East in comparative perspective.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
  •  

    PS 305 - Natural Law in Political and Legal Thought

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of natural law doctrines from Greek and Roman speculations to contemporary debates on the possibility and content of a natural law. A review of the writings of various natural law thinkers is undertaken from both an historical and analytical perspective.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 306 - Politics of Russia

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to Russia in the twenty-first century, emphasizing its political system and foreign policy. An independent research paper on one aspect of this fascinating country is required.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
  •  

    PS 307 - The Global Politics of Migration

    (3.00 cr.)

    One of the most enduring questions of global politics is why humans move from their home communities to other places, often at great cost and personal risk. This course introduces students to the main approaches to the study of international migration, including the impact of immigration on the host nation. A significant portion of the course focuses on forced migration and refugee policies. Students complete an independent research paper using migration data, in addition to course readings.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
  •  

    PS 308 - China and Globalization

    (3.00 cr.)

    During the past three decades, China's development has sparked unprecedented changes at home and abroad, leading critics to lay blame and admirers to cheer its impact on the world economy and political stability. The world's most populous country under a Communist regime has plunged into capitalist practices with abandon. Is China's quest for energy, minerals, land, water, and security fundamentally altering the world? Or, is it drawing China further into the existing international rules and institutions? Students examine the process of globalization as it is reshaping China domestically and how it is remaking the world.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IA
  
  •  

    PS 314 - Public Opinion and American Democracy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Deals with the origins, nature, content, and impact of American public opinion. Role of demographics and economics on the distribution of public sentiment is noted; so are surprising departures from "conventional wisdoms" regarding its character.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 315 - American Political Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    What factors explain the "exceptional" character of the American state and American politics more generally? What roles have America's political institutions as well as its political ideas and rhetoric played in society and the economy? What are the dominant patterns, causes, and consequences of political change in American history? Answers to these and other questions concerning the development of the American state are sought through focus on key moments of state-building and institutional development from its founding to the present.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 316 - American Political Parties

    (3.00 cr.)

    The continuing combat between Democrats and Republicans in the electoral arena. Focus on contemporary studies of the American electorate and its behavior. Attention to congressional and other elections as well as those at the presidential level.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 317 - Contemporary Campaigns and Elections

    (3.00 cr.)

    A thorough examination of modern campaigns, electoral strategy, and campaign finance.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PS 318 - Media and Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    What impact do media institutions and actors have on public opinion, governing, and the substance of public policy? Students examine how media routines affect what constitutes news; how political elites use media strategies for campaigning and governing; and how the public consumes and perceives media messages about politics.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 319 - Interest Groups in American Democracy

    (3.00 cr.)

    An in-depth look at how interest groups and lobbyists function inside the Washington beltway. The course strikes a balance between practical, strategic, and theoretical issues, including interest group formation and maintenance, lobbying, influencing elections, and group representation in a democratic society.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 320 - Environmental Politics and Sustainability in U.S.

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the politics of a variety of environmental issues in the United States, including climate change, energy usage, food policy, and urban planning. Particular attention is given to the role played by public opinion, media, interest groups, and social movements in shaping environmental politics and policy, and to the practical, political, and ethical dilemmas raised by these issues.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IES
  
  •  

    PS 321 - Religion and Politics in America

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the attempts by religious groups, movements, and interests to influence American politics through agenda setting, lobbying, lawsuits, and electoral activities. Includes case studies following litigants who pursued their vision of the First Amendment to the Supreme Court.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 322 - Mock Trial

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students gain a hands-on appreciation of trial court practice and procedures.  In this course, students participate in a mock criminal or civil trial, playing the role of an attorney in one and a witness in the other. Students learn how to work with statutes and precedents and rules of evidence, and they also do opening statements, direct and cross examine witnesses, and present documentary and physical evidence. Designed for students who want to improve skills in making complex arguments and presentations. 

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
  •  

    PS 323 - Gender in American Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Provides students with a critical examination of how gender matters in American politics. The course explores the different ways that men and women participate in politics through both traditional and nontraditional means and the difference such participation makes to public policy.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PS 324 - State and Local Politics and Policymaking

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the process and politics of policymaking at the state level in our federal system. Students seek understandings of the fluctuations in national and state government power over time, as well as how politics and policymaking differ among the states and between the states and the federal government.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PS 325 - Introduction to Public Policy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the politics and processes that govern policy making and policy implementation in the American political system. Combining substantive knowledge about a variety of public policy areas with multiple theoretical perspectives about policy processes and political institutions, this course focuses on how the national policy agenda is set, where policy alternatives are developed, and the influence of governmental and nongovernmental actors in policy making.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 326 - Congress: The Legislative Process

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the political and institutional factors that determine how and whether legislation becomes law. The role of parties, committees, and other House and Senate legislative institutions in the legislative process are examined. What factors promote and hinder Congress' ability to pass laws in the public interest?

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 327 - Congressional Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the politics of Congress, both as a collection of individual members and as an institution. Using the whole of congressional history, students examine changes in congressional representation and elections, the politics of lawmaking, the role of Congress in the separation of powers, and Congress' impact on society.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 328 - Statesmen and Tyrants

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the nature and dilemmas of political leadership. Examines the actions and reflections of notable rulers from a variety of regimes and historical periods. Pericles, Caesar, Charlemagne, Bismark, Lincoln, Lenin, Churchill, DeGaulle.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PS 329 - The Modern American Presidency

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the presidency since FDR in theory and practice, placing special emphasis on the concept of presidential power. The personal and institutional politics of the oval office in war and peace, crisis and conspiracy.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
  •  

    PS 330 - Strategic Intelligence and American Democracy

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to one of the least understood sectors of the American government, the intelligence community. Examines the missions of the major agencies linked to intelligence collection and analysis, and explores the roles they have played and the challenges they have posed to the democratic state since the second World War.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
 

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