2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue 
    
    Dec 02, 2021  
2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalogue [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Political Science

  
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    PS 331 - Political Responses to Crisis

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the reactions of the executive branch to unanticipated domestic and international events. Students examine both the institutional mechanisms and the political imperatives generated in cases such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, the onset of the First World War, and 9/11. Is the "energy in the executive" touted by Hamilton up to the challenges of the twenty-first century?

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 337 - Analytical and Legal Reasoning

    (3.00 cr.)

    Uses various texts from judicial politics, legal theory, and rhetoric to explore the relationship between law and reason.  Ideally suited for students interested in taking the LSAT, attending law school, or simply developing their reasoning skills.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PS 338 - Constitutional Law I

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the constitutional principles that structure governmental power, focusing in particular on the limits on governmental action imposed by federalism and the separation of powers.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PS 339 - Constitutional Law II

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the constitutional principles that govern the relationship between individuals and the state, focusing in particular on the limits on governmental action imposed by the due process and equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PS 341 - Constitutional Law: Power in the National System

    (3.00 cr.)

    A case and doctrinal approach to the Constitutional issues involved with the "separation of powers" system and American federalism. Focuses on the growth of presidential power, the use of congressional power, and the place of judicial power in the United States government. A visit to the Supreme Court is planned.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 342 - Equal Protection Law

    (3.00 cr.)

    A case and doctrinal approach to Supreme Court interpretations of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment: racial, gender, wealth, etc.; discrimination; affirmative action.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 343 - Crime, the Individual, and Society

    (3.00 cr.)

    America's means for controlling undesirable behavior include criminal law. Examines how much behavior criminal law controls; how crimes are handled by courts; and what notions of individualism, criminality, and " justice" emerge from criminal law process.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IFS/IU
  
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    PS 346 - Law and Religion

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the religion clauses of the First Amendment -- the establishment clause, which prohibits the government from promoting religion, and the free exercise clause, which guarantees religious liberty.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 350 - Comparative Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to the study of countries through comparing and contrasting their domestic political, economic, and social institutions and practices. Deliberate comparison of two or more different political systems and cultures enable students to develop a global perspective in understanding government in our current era of transformation.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 352 - Gender, Human Rights, and Conflict

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines armed conflict as a gendered phenomenon. It begins by asking how gendered relations of power sustain and reproduce various aspects of contemporary warfare and its aftermath. In order to address this query, students engage with readings on how gender figures in the causes of war; the barriers to promoting and protecting gender rights during war and how they may be overcome; and the global movements to incorporate gender more fully in post-conflict reconstruction policies and reforms. Readings include feminist theories on international relations, peace and conflict; substantive empirical work on gender rights violations in conflict zones; and policy documents from both domestic and international forums on peace-building efforts.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IG/IPJ
  
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    PS 355 - Religion and the State in Asia

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students grapple with the contentious relationship between religion and politics, analyzing ways that states have made use of, attempted to keep apart from, and tried to exterminate religious beliefs among their populations. Three sociological approaches to religion are studied and applied to cases of religion-state interaction. By tracing the religious and political histories of Japan, India, and China, students grasp the commonalities between religious and nationalist mobilization; identify beliefs and organization of three religions practiced in Asia (Shinto, Hinduism, and Christianity); and analyze the points of conflict that emerge as a consequence of different religion-state arrangements.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 357 - The Politics of Globalization

    (3.00 cr.)

    In globalization flows of people, ideas, and resources across state borders affect politics, power, and wealth in often unpredictable ways. Through film, supplemented by written texts, students study transnational issues such as international trade, the environment, social movements, and immigration.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 359 - Approaches to American Foreign Policy

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of American foreign policy since World War II. Compares the usefulness of real politik, Marxist, bureaucratic, and pluralist approaches in understanding post-1945 events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam, and the Gulf War.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IU
  
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    PS 360 - Transitional Justice

    (3.00 cr.)

    Since World War II, the use of human rights trials, truth commissions, and other justice mechanisms has become a common strategy to hold nonstate and state actors accountable for human rights violations. The origins of this international norm of accountability and the various mechanisms states have designed and implemented to remedy past injustices are examined.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IPJ
  
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    PS 363 - Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict

    (3.00 cr.)

    Despite increasing global integration, identity-based conflicts persist throughout the world. This course provides an overview of the comparative study of nationalism and ethnic conflict, juxtaposing classic texts from the nationalism literature with contemporary cases to illustrate key themes. The course is divided into two complementary parts: theories of nationalism and explanations of nationalist conflict. Beginning with a theoretical exploration of the origins of national identity, the course addresses concepts including types of nationalism (ethnic, civic, revolutionary, and counter-revolutionary); aims and goals of nationalist movements (especially recognition, remedial policies, autonomy, and/or independence); nationalism and rationality; the ethnic security dilemma; democratization and nationalist conflict; colonial legacies; and structural solutions to violent nationalism, culminating in discussion on the future of nationalism in light of increasing global interconnectedness.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IPJ
  
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    PS 364 - International Relations through Non-Western Lenses

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students study global politics through the lenses of gender, race, and ethnicity. Suspending the traditional view of international relations as the study of how nation-states make war, this course emphasizes the processes by which gendered and racialized local communities act to challenge dominant cultures, ideologies, and institutions. Students are encouraged to question the role of their own social locations and identities in their interpretations of the world.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IG
  
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    PS 365 - International Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are introduced to the main arguments about the causes of war and peace in today's world. The course covers current debates over whether conflict will continue to occur among states; the role of human rights; and if globalization and trade will bring more cooperation to the world stage.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 366 - International Political Economy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students consider the evolution of the theory and practice of the interplay between politics and economics. They also gain an understanding of the competing arguments in current policy debates.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 369 - War

    (3.00 cr.)

    As aggressive instincts appear to be part of the human psyche, the drumbeat of war has echoed down the corridors of history. This team-taught course attempts to trace this phenomenon to its psychological and social roots, looks at the political and economic ramifications and the present-day configurations of war, its future and that of mankind.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 370 - Theories of International Relations

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the theoretical foundations of international relations as well as modern and postmodern critiques. Examines the works of Hobbes, Kant, Marx, Rousseau, and Rawls in their "international politics" forms. Also treats theories of eco-politics, "democratization," and transnational social movements.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 372 - Political Pathology: Terrorism

    (3.00 cr.)

    A broad-based examination of modern terrorism, inquiring into historical roots, cross-civilizational dimensions, internal rationales, personal motivations, underlying spiritual disorders, political ramifications, and future prospects.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 374 - Thinking Through Terrorism

    (3.00 cr.)

    A team-taught, interdisciplinary approach that seeks to examine the causes and effects of contemporary terrorism and to develop critical perspectives concerning on-going efforts to combat it. Special attention is given to the tension between the interests of public security and those of democratic values, civil liberties, and moral principles. Same course as PL 379 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 376 - International Law

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students examine the legal consequences of the fact that contemporary nation-states are creations of international law. This course explores who is subject to this law, how the law is created and enforced, and the relationship between international law and international politics.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 379 - Studies in the Origins of War

    (3.00 cr.)

    A team-taught, interdisciplinary course designed to promote a dialogue between philosophical reflection and social scientific analysis in the treatment of a singularly important yet immensely complex problem: the origins of war. In the conduct of such a dialogue, philosophical theorizing is challenged in the confrontation with concrete actualities just as the plain "facts" of political history are stripped of their veneer of false obviousness, thereby opening the space for more essential questions. We hope students leave the course less inclined to demand simple answers and more imbued with the patience and humility demanded by the greatest questions. Readings include Homer, Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hegel, Clausewitz, Lenin, Nietzsche, and Freud.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 380 - Platonic Political Philosophy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Socrates and the founding of political philosophy; Thucydides and the crisis of the polis; the critique of Aristophanes; Plato's Apology, Crito, Gorgias, Republis, Theaetetus; subsequent contributions to the tradition by Cicero, Saint Augustine, Alfarabi, Saint Thomas More; Plato's modern enemies: Machiavelli and Mill. Same course as CL 380 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 381 - Aristotelian Political Philosophy

    (3.00 cr.)

    An investigation of the founding of political science by Aristotle devoted to a reading of Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, as well as selections from Aristotle's scientific and logical treatises. Subsequent contributions to the tradition are also considered, including those of Marsilius of Padua and Saint Thomas Aquinas. Aristotle's modern enemies: Hobbes and Marx. Same course as CL 381 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 382 - Modern Political Theory

    (3.00 cr.)

    An analysis of major works in political theory from the Italian Renaissance to the French Revolution, including readings from Machiavelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Special emphasis on modern conceptions of human nature, authority, and power, as well as the formative impact of the Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution, and Protestant Reformation.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 384 - American Political Thought

    (3.00 cr.)

    An investigation of the ideological origins of the American Revolution; principal writings of the founding period including those of Jefferson, John Adams, Hamilton, and Madison; Tocqueville's assessment of American democracy; Calhoun, Lincoln, Frederick Douglas, and the crisis of the house divided; contemporary currents in American political thought.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 385 - Democratic Theory

    (3.00 cr.)

    A theoretical and historical examination of the structural advantages and limitations of democratic political systems, incorporating readings from the history of political philosophy and contemporary political science. Special emphasis on the tension between liberty and equality, the problem of democratic statesmanship, and the relationship between democracy and capitalism.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 386 - Marxist Political Thought

    (3.00 cr.)

    Origins of Marxist theory in Utopian Socialism and German Idealism; Marx's writings on human nature, historical development, political struggle, and economic relationships; subsequent developments in Marxist theory and practice in the Soviet, Chinese, and Third World contexts.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 387 - Marx after Marxism

    (3.00 cr.)

    Contemporary problems in the relation of polity and economy are explored by way of an intensive re-reading of Marx and several of his most insightful successors. By surveying the contemporary economic landscape through the lens of his work, students will judge how much of Marx is either vital or vitiated today.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 388 - Socratic Political Philosophy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Socrates, the first political philosopher, wrote nothing. His unique life and thought are known only through the writings of others-both friends and enemies. By reading works by Aristophanes, Plato, Xenophon, and Nietzsche, students seek to understand the Socratic way of life. The famous "Socratic turn" is examined-Socrates' move from natural philosophy toward political philosophy and the study of "the human things." Students also examine Socrates' quarrel with poets, the Sophists, and the political community itself. Was the Athenian democracy right to put Socrates to death? Finally, Socrates' relations with his friends and students are examined-how and what did he teach them. Same course as CL 388  .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 389 - African American Political Thought

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the writings of those African Americans who have reflected most profoundly on the American regime and their place in it, from the time of the nation's founding to the present. Authors include Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois, Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, Shelby Steele.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IAF/IU
  
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    PS 391 - Historicism

    (3.00 cr.)

    Perhaps no development has been so fateful for modern man as the philosophic discovery of History. No longer simply an adjunct of philosophic reasoning, History acquires a new primacy for those thinkers who seek an alternative to Nature or Providence. Examines the emergence of the historical consciousness, beginning with its first appearance in Rousseau and moving through its subsequent elaboration in nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, and Heidegger).

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 392 - Sexual Politics

    (3.00 cr.)

    While most courses in political philosophy are concerned with the nature of man (understood to mean the nature of humankind), this course is concerned with the nature of men and women-humankind in its bifurcated state. Students examine the classical treatment of sexual politics (in Plato and Aristophanes); the Bible's handling of the question; as well as modern and contemporary authors who deal with the ever vexed questions of the relation between nature and convention, family and state, public and private, men and women.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IG
  
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    PS 396 - Politics of Eastern Europe

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the politics, economics, and history of the region of east central Europe. Special attention to the collapse of communist party rule and its implications for state and society.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 397 - Politics of Western Europe

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of the politics, economics, and history of the region of western Europe.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 401 - Seminar: Research Methods in Political Science

    (3.00 cr.)

    Is political science really a science? Students read works on the underlying philosophy of science, as well as the nature of hypothesis, evidence, and theory in the social sciences. Research strategies and techniques that can serve students when writing papers, theses, pursuing graduate degrees, or in future careers are developed. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 402 - Seminar: State-Society Relations in Contemporary China

    (3.00 cr.)

    Rapid and tumultuous economic changes during the reform era have led to more incremental, yet far-ranging transformation in China's social and religious sphere. Will these changes in state-society relations lead to civil society as in the West, and potentially democracy? Or, will China's hybrid relationship between state and society reinforce state power and prolong authoritarian rule? These questions are the core themes of this seminar. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 404 - Seminar: Politics of Resistance in Contemporary China

    (3.00 cr.)

    China's historic economic growth since the early 1980s has lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and, at the same time, created huge discontent inside the country. What are the possibilities, limits, and future of collective contention in China today? Although the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is ruled by an authoritarian single party-state, citizens, farmers, students, workers, and others have devised multiple strategies to make their collective voices heard, often outside official channels of political participation. This course aims to get a sense of the rapidly emerging field of collective resistance in China by surveying recent scholarship on protestors of all types in the early twenty-first century. Whether China will face a large-scale revolution similar to the one that brought the CCP to power or whether it will repeatedly endure small-scale protests that act as "pressure valves" to release the frustration is an open question.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 410 - Seminar: Modern Constitutional Theory

    (3.00 cr.)

    Allows students who have had an introduction to constitutional law to explore more deeply the theoretical foundations that animate contemporary constitutional doctrine. Focuses on discussion of some of the debates surrounding the fundamental premises underlying various constitutional issues, including the nature of and justification for judicial review, methods of constitutional interpretation, federalism, equal protection, and substantive due process. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 411 - The Legal Conservative Movement in the U.S.

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the successes and failures of the legal conservative movement, at a time when the meaning of conservatism is changing dramatically in American politics. Special emphasis is placed on the changing meaning of ideology across time, and how social movements can use courts to further their ideological agendas. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Recommended Prerequisite: PS 338 , PS 339 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 420 - Seminar: American Political Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the historical development of the American state by focusing on key moments of state-building in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. An emerging subfield in political science, American Political Development treats political institutions and practices as embedded in social and economic changes and as consequential for future political developments. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 421 - Values in Peril: Contemporary Political Problems

    (3.00 cr.)

    Political violence is persistent and tyranny, incivility, and information wars have re-emerged with disturbing implications for humanity. What does political science, as both a social science and a humanities discipline, have to offer in response to these chief political challenges in the United States and the world? These questions as well as those related to diversity, identity, and community are introduced for deep consideration through disciplinary lenses. Participants in this research seminar apply what they know about the study of politics to these key political problems of the age and contemplate their own engagements with the political world. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 426 - Conflict, Peace, and Reconciliation in the Balkans

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores the themes of conflict, peace, and reconciliation using Yugoslavia and its successor states (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia) to illustrate how collective memory, history, and trauma can create conditions ripe for conflict and violence, and present special challenges to attaining peace. Although the course focuses regionally on the Balkans, other comparative cases are used to illustrate key themes and concepts. Students have the opportunity to write a research paper on a course-relevant topic of their choice. Seminar-style with an emphasis on student-driven discussion.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT/IPJ
  
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    PS 468 - Seminar: Rousseau

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive study of the political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 469 - Seminar: Montesquieu

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive study of the political philosophy of Montesquieu, with special emphasis on The Spirit of the Laws and The Persian Letters. Also considers the implications of Montesquieu's writings for liberalism and modernity, and their broader significance within the history of political philosophy. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 470 - Seminar: Tocqueville

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive study of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 471 - Seminar: The Politics of Spiritual Disorder

    (3.00 cr.)

    A theoretical and historical examination of the convergence of spiritual disorientation and political disorder. Readings focus on the doctrines and political activities of apocalyptic cults in the ancient world, millenarian sects in the Middle Ages, and the revolutionary communist and fascist parties in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Students explore the extent to which patterns of continuity can be found among these groups, and offer presentations to the seminar based upon extensive research papers. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 472 - Seminar: Warfare and Human Nature

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive examination of leading theories regarding the causes of war and of their implications for the mutability or immutability of organized combat between human groups. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 474 - Seminar: Eastern Europe between Nationalism and Democracy

    (3.00 cr.)

    Focuses on different ways of interpreting the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in 1989. Explores the roles of nationalist and democratic politics in the establishment of new forms of governing in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and former Yugoslavia. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PS 476 - Intelligence, Secrecy, and Governmental Reform

    (3.00 cr.)

    This seminar examines the purposes and limitations of the U.S. intelligence community and explores the role of secrecy and covert action in a democratic regime. Special emphasis is placed upon opportunities and impediments to fundamental reforms in the intelligence community. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 477 - Intelligence and the Executive Branch

    (3.00 cr.)

    This seminar examines the unique relationship between the United States intelligence community and the president. Students explore the historical patterns of interaction between the White House and the intelligence community, with special emphasis on the use of intelligence, intelligence related activities, and covert action to achieve the president's national security goals. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 480 - Seminar: Poland and the Holocaust

    (3.00 cr.)

    While Nazi Germany initiated the Holocaust, Poland was the territory on which it was carried out. Almost half of the Jews killed in the Holocaust were Polish. This seminar focuses on the relationships between Catholic and Jewish citizens of Poland during the Nazi occupation and terror. Recent scholarship, memoirs, and films are used to understand the politics of the Holocaust in Poland, both in the past and today. Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: GT
  
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    PS 490 - Capstone Project in American Studies

    (3.00 cr.)

    As the capstone experience for the American Studies minor, each student develops an independent research project, internship, or service-based project, to be advised by two professors from different departments and presented at an end-of-year American Studies Symposium. The project constitutes the culmination of the student's work in American Studies and provides an opportunity for the student to bring together the perspectives of two different disciplines on a research area of particular interest. A project proposal must be submitted to and approved by the American Studies committee prior to registration for either the fall or spring semesters of senior year. The project must contain both a research and a formal writing component (the equivalent of a 20-25 page research paper). Written or electronic permission of the instructor.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IU
  
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    PS 499 - Honors Thesis Research

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are invited into this optional program by the department during the spring of the junior year and are ordinarily required to complete one course at the 400-level before undertaking honors work. Eligible students who accept the invitation must prepare a formal proposal of their honors project and secure an advisor for the project prior to the start of the honors semester, which may be set for either semester of the senior year. The thesis is read by the advisor and two other faculty members, who also conduct an hour-long oral examination of the student. Based on the oral exam, the thesis, and consultations with the other two readers, the advisor then determines if the student is to receive honors. Written or electronic permission of the instructor and the department chair.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies


Portuguese

  
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    PO 204 - Portuguese for Speakers of Spanish

    (3.00 cr.)

    Covers the basics of Portuguese grammar and pronunciation and presents selected aspects of the cultures of Lusophone countries. Students learn to use their knowledge of Spanish to gain competency and confidence in speaking and reading Portuguese. For Spanish majors and minors, as well as heritage and native speakers of Spanish who desire competency in Portuguese. Does not count toward the core.

    Prerequisite: SN 104  or written permission of the instructor.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IL

Psychology

  
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    PY 101 - Introductory Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Surveys the multifaceted aspects of both the science and practice of psychology. Biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior and mental processes are explored, as are the key features and importance of critical thinking skills and solid psychological research. Fulfills social science core.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring/Summer
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO
  
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    PY 200 - Professional Development in Psychology

    (1.00 cr.)

    Presents career possibilities for psychology majors and how to prepare for such careers. Colloquium includes presentations by guest speakers representing different career paths in psychology, as well as professionals explaining how best to prepare for various paths; e.g., field experience, research experience, graduate school applications. (Pass/Fail)

    Restrictions: Restricted to sophomores, juniors, and seniors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
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    PY 201 - Social Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    A social psychological perspective is used in examining such issues as prejudice, attitude change, interpersonal attraction, attributions, altruism, aggression, conformity, and cultural diversity. Fulfills social science core and Group V requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PY 202 - Psychopathology

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of abnormal behavior, cognition, and affect. The definition of abnormality is explored, as well as the concept of what constitutes a mental disorder. Classification of abnormality and theories regarding the development of disorders are discussed. Current research findings concerning specific mental disorders, ethical issues, and cultural diversity are explored. Fulfills social science core and Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
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    PY 203 - Psychology of Personality

    (3.00 cr.)

    Familiarizes students with key theoretical approaches to the study of personality in psychology. Includes a variety of different theoretical perspectives such as psychodynamic, trait, and humanistic approaches, as well as current research relevant to each approach. Both structure and development of personality are examined. Students learn to distinguish and integrate different theoretical approaches and to apply these approaches in understanding human behavior. Fulfills social science core and Group V requirement.

     

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 205 - Educational Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Explores major theories and principles of learning, motivation, and assessment. Focuses on the theoretical knowledge and the current research and their application to learning and teaching. Fulfills social science core and Group VI requirement. Same course as ED 205 .

    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 221 - Psychology of Learning

    (3.00 cr.)

    An in-depth survey of classical, instrumental, and cognitively-based theories with emphasis on human and clinical applications. Fulfills social science core and Group II requirement.

     

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 222 - Cognitive Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Reviews various theories of cognitive psychology including memory, information processing, and artificial intelligence. Focuses on human information processing as it is related to memory, concept formation, problem solving, and other complex processes, as well as the influences of conscious and unconscious information on behavior. Primarily, psychological theories are discussed; however, brain/behavior relations are also covered, especially as related to brain injury, amnesia, and dementia. Practical and clinical applications are discussed. Fulfills social science core and Group II requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 241 - Child Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    The psychological development of the child, including maturation and development of behavior, language, emotion, intelligence, social behavior, motivation, and personality. Presentation of significant theorists and their impact on child psychology. Fulfills social science core and Group IV requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 242 - Adolescent Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the physical, intellectual, and emotional changes occurring in adolescence and their physical correlates. Presentation of significant theorists and their impact on adolescent psychology. Considers the effect of these personal changes and of culture upon the developing personality, with the goal of developing student understanding of adolescent behavior. Fulfills social science core and Group IV requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 243 - Adult Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    Understanding changes in biological, behavioral, cognitive, and social processes as they occur from young adulthood to old age. A life span perspective is adopted which recognizes the multiple influences affecting development and attempts to identify and integrate these factors. Fulfills social science core and Group IV requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 244 - Life Span Development

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the developmental factors that affect a person from biological, behavioral, cognitive, and social perspectives. These factors are considered across the entire life span of the individual. Summarizes and integrates material presented in the other developmental courses. Fulfills social science core and Group IV requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 245 - Aging and Society

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines psychological aspects of aging as well as the age-related social policy and cultural influences, focusing on both intra-individual and social aspects of aging. Fulfills social science core and Group IV requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
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    PY 253 - Multicultural Issues in Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Designed to critically examine major multicultural issues in psychology. Conceptual, historical, philosophical, and theoretical issues are reviewed. Guidelines for psychological practice with ethnic and culturally diverse populations and the current status of multicultural psychology are examined. Self-reflection is emphasized as a means of learning about the dimensions of culture that each person possesses (e.g., racial identity, sexual orientation). Fulfills social science core and Group VII requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: FO/IFS
  
  •  

    PY 255 - Psychology of Religion

    (3.00 cr.)

    An examination of religious experience as interpreted and explained by the main schools and researchers within psychology. Topics include religion as learned behavior, religion as psychopathology, religion as peak experience, religious experience and psychological development, religion and prejudice, and current directions of research in the psychology of religion. Fulfills social science core and Group VII requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 256 - Psychology of Gender

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines research and theory regarding gender development. Topics include the social construction of gender, media representations of women and men, waves of feminism, intersectionality, parenting, relationships, sexual orientation, and masculinity. Students are challenged to critically evaluate research regarding sex differences using a multidisciplinary approach. Fulfills social science core and Group VII requirement. Closed to students who have taken PY 254.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IG
  
  •  

    PY 257 - Black Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Provides an introduction to the principles of personality and behavior of African descent populations (e.g., African, African Americans, Afro-Caribbean). The major objectives of this course are to provide students with an understanding of the complexity of the Black experience in America, help students gain a critical appreciation of the unique aspects of Black personality and behavior, and prepare students for graduate study in psychology, social work, education, or related fields. Fulfills Group VII requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IAF
  
  •  

    PY 261 - Introduction to Health Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to the nature and practice of health psychology. Topics include the roles of diet, exercise, stress, smoking, weight, and environmental pollutants in health and disease. Focuses on the role of self-responsibility in health care as well as nontraditional approaches to medicine. Fulfills social science core and Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 262 - Industrial/Organizational Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Application of psychological principles to the work environment. Students attempt to understand and predict human behavior in organizational settings through the scientific study of individual and group processes as well as organizational structures and functions. Demonstrates the role of applied psychology in the recruitment, selection, performance appraisal, and promotion of applicants and employees. Fulfills social science core and Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 270 - Interdisciplinary Course in Clinical/Applied Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive interdisciplinary exploration of a selected topic (e.g., gender, psychopathology, creativity, trauma) through the lenses of two different fields, one of which is psychology. Through the application of discipline-specific perspectives, research, and/or philosophies, this course reveals fundamental connections between divergent approaches to the same topic, reflective of a liberal arts education. This is a team-taught interdisciplinary course. Topics vary. Fulfills Group VI requirement. May be repeated for credit four times with different topics.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 291 - Research Methods I (with Lab)

    (4.00 cr.)

    First half of an integrated course wherein students are instructed in all phases of the research process, from its beginning in the formulation of a research question, through the write up of a finished study. Students are provided with the tools and skills needed to conduct their own studies. In this semester, students work in small groups as they research literature, learn to select and/or construct questionnaires and conduct surveys, select appropriate research designs, and understand basic statistical techniques. Written or electronic permission of the undergraduate program director (Spring only).

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Prerequisite (may be taken concurrently): ST 110  or ST 210  or ST 265 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 292 - Research Methods II (with Lab)

    (4.00 cr.)

    Second half of an integrated course wherein design and statistical analysis are interwoven. Students design an independent study, gather and analyze data, discuss implications, and report the findings in APA form. It is expected that many of the studies will be presented at local and/or regional conventions and perhaps submitted to appropriate journals for publication. Written or electronic permission of the undergraduate program director (Fall only).

    Prerequisite: PY 291 ; ST 110  or ST 210  or ST 265 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 300 - Independent Study in Psychology I

    (3.00 cr.)

    Advanced study in an area of psychology which is supervised by a faculty member. Students must arrange for supervision with the faculty member prior to registration. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Recommended Prerequisite: PY 292  for a research independent study.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 305 - Research Practicum: Special Topics

    (1-3.00 cr.)

    Students participate in a psychology faculty member's research laboratory. Tasks vary by research project and may include study conceptualization and design, literature review, writing of manuscripts and conference presentations, and data collection, coding, processing, or analysis. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Does not count toward the 120-credit graduation requirement. May be repeated for nondegree credit only. (Pass/Fail)

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 323 - Introduction to Counseling

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are introduced to the basic principles, theories, techniques, and experiences of counseling and psychotherapy. Students learn about the history and basic skills of counseling, the key domains of counseling, and different professions which include counseling. They are also exposed to the theory and techniques of several approaches to psychotherapy and to what occurs in an actual counseling/psychotherapy session. Fulfills Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 325 - Controlling Stress and Tension

    (3.00 cr.)

    How to manage stress and tension. A practical overview of stress and coping with an emphasis on students learning to apply course material to everyday living. The applied nature of the class is enhanced by students practicing EMG biofeedback in a laboratory setting. Fulfills Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 326 - Substance Abuse: Diagnosis and Treatment

    (3.00 cr.)

    Provides an introduction to diagnosis and treatment of substance abuse and dependence. Information includes an overview of classes of psychoactive drugs and their effects; definitions and diagnosis of substance use disorders; treatment models and interventions; effects of addiction on family; and the role of 12-step programs in treatment. The emphasis is on practical clinical application of material presented. Fulfills Group VI requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 331 - Biopsychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the relationships between physiological processes and behavior. Areas covered include anatomy of the nervous system, neural conduction, synaptic transmission, development of the nervous system, and the biological components of emotion. Covers methodological issues as well as content. Fulfills Group III requirement. Closed to biology/psychology interdisciplinary majors who have taken BL 403 , BL 405 , or PY 332 .

    Prerequisite: BL 105  or BL 121 , PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 332 - Human Neuropsychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces students to the field of neuropsychology. Information includes basic neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, as well as an in-depth analysis of the functions of the various lobes of the cerebral cortex. The behavioral and cognitive symptoms of a number of neurological disorders are discussed. Fulfills Group III requirement. Closed to biology/psychology interdisciplinary majors who have taken BL 403 , BL 405 , or PY 331 .

    Prerequisite: BL 105  or BL 121 , PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 333 - Sensation and Perception

    (3.00 cr.)

    Examines the organization and processing of sensory information and the influence of emotion, learning, thinking, and other personal factors on human perception. Includes an in-depth analysis of the physiological structure and processing of physical energy by sensory organs, as well as the interactive relationship between the physiological structure of sensory organs, the sensation resulting from environmental stimulation, and the perception of an environmental event. Fulfills Group III requirement.

    Prerequisite: BL 105  or BL 121 , PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 334 - Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Behavior

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students learn about sleep and circadian rhythms and their role in performance, behavior, cognition, and mental and physical health. Introduces the study of sleep and circadian rhythms including measurement, regulation, development, physiology, sleep problems and disorders, and methodological approaches to studying sleep and circadian rhythms. Provides students an understanding of the societal implications of sleep and circadian rhythms including employment, healthcare, education, and public policy. Fulfills Group III requirement.

    Prerequisite: BL 105  or BL 121 , PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 351 - Interpersonal Behavior

    (3.00 cr.)

    Introduces concepts involving basic communication skills, motivational theory, and interpersonal learning theory. More specifically, friendships, love, dating, marital relationships, sex, parenting skills, and relationships in the work environment are explored through lectures, discussions, and guest speakers. Fulfills Group V requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 352 - Group Process

    (3.00 cr.)

    Designed to make students aware of the complex relationships that exist in any group, the needs that govern group behavior, the patterns of communication that exist, and the personal and organizational goals that move or restrain a group. Also emphasizes issues for group problem-solving and decision-making. Fulfills Group V requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 353 - Contemporary Issues in Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    A dialectical approach to controversial issues in psychology, including the etiology of sexual orientation, the false memory debate, and the effects of divorce on children. Emphasizes critical thinking and persuasive skills. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall/Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IG
  
  •  

    PY 400 - Independent Study in Psychology II

    (3.00 cr.)

    A continuation of PY 300 . Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 300 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 404 - Ethics in Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    An introduction to professional and scientific ethics in the field of psychology. Ethical principles and standards are covered as they relate to a wide variety of contemporary issues in the field. Case studies are presented emphasizing critical thinking skills. Seminar format. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to junior or senior psychology majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 413 - Psychological Tests and Measurements

    (3.00 cr.)

    A study of the rationale, theory and standardization of individual and group psychological tests. Test theory, construction and validation are studied and applied to testing in areas of intelligence, aptitude and personality. Diagnostic features of individual tests are emphasized. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to junior or senior psychology majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 414 - Advanced Statistics with Computer Applications

    (3.00 cr.)

    Students are taught to use a statistical software program (SPSS). Students learn to organize basic psychological data for statistical analysis and execute various statistical procedures (e.g., descriptive statistics and inferential statistics). Survey data are collected and analyzed via the techniques learned. Previous computer experience not required. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 292 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 415 - Psychological Systems and Theories

    (3.00 cr.)

    An historical approach to contemporary psychological thought. Explores the nature of scientific psychology. Covers major schools of psychological thinking in the areas of sensation, perception, learning, thinking, emotion, motivation, personality, and psychological measurement. Fulfills Group I requirement.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to junior or senior psychology majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

  
  •  

    PY 417 - Special Topics in Psychology and Catholic Studies

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive exploration of a selected topic (e.g., abortion, euthanasia, marriage, sexuality, work) through the lens of psychological literature and/or research as it intersects with theological and/or philosophical works in Catholic social thought. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Topics vary. Seminar format with limited enrollment. Fulfills a Group I requirement. May be repeated for credit.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

    Interdisciplinary Studies: IC
  
  •  

    PY 418 - Research Seminar in Psychology I

    (3.00 cr.)

    An intensive exploration of a selected topic in psychology through a review of the literature and/or research using a small group seminar approach. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. Prerequisites may vary according to topic. May not be taken concurrently with PY 300 , PY 400 , PY 419 , or different PY 418 topic without instructor permission. Fulfills Group I requirement. May be repeated once for credit with different topic.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Sessions Typically Offered: Fall
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 419 - Research Seminar in Psychology II

    (3.00 cr.)

    Individual research guidance in selected areas. Written or electronic permission of the instructor. May not be taken concurrently with PY 300 , PY 400 , PY 418 , or different PY 419 topic without instructor permission. Fulfills Group I requirement. May be repeated for credit four times with different topics.

    Prerequisite: PY 418  of same topic.
    Sessions Typically Offered: Spring
    Years Typically Offered: Annually

  
  •  

    PY 420 - Applied Special Topics in Psychology

    (3.00 cr.)

    Advanced study in an applied area of psychology. Topic varies by semester and/or year. Fulfills Group I requirement. May be repeated for credit with different topics.

    Prerequisite: PY 101 .
    Restrictions: Restricted to majors.

    Sessions Typically Offered: Varies
    Years Typically Offered: Varies

 

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